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XMM-Newton and Chandra have ushered in a new era for the study of dwarf galaxies in the Local Group. We provide an overview of the opportunities, challenges, and some early results. The large number of background sources relative to galaxy sources is a major theme. Despite this challenge, the identification of counterparts has been possible, providing hints(More)
We present correlations of extent of temporal lobectomy for intractable epilepsy with postoperative memory changes (20 cases) and abnormalities of visual field and neurologic examination (45 cases). Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the coronal plane was used to quantify anteroposterior extent of resection of various quadrants of the(More)
Massive stars end their short lives in spectacular explosions--supernovae--that synthesize new elements and drive galaxy evolution. Historically, supernovae were discovered mainly through their 'delayed' optical light (some days after the burst of neutrinos that marks the actual event), preventing observations in the first moments following the explosion.(More)
The extent of resection was assessed in 45 temporal lobectomies for medically intractable epilepsy with mapped temporal lobe foci. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the coronal plane was used to quantify the extent of resection of superior lateral, inferior lateral, basal, and medial structures, including the amygdalohippocampal complex. A(More)
Although the brain has no formal lymphatic system, a substantial quantity of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has nonetheless been shown to drain via cervical lymphatics. To pursue further the issue of alternative drainage pathways for CSF, we infused a solution of Ringer's lactate (RL) into the cisterna magna of the dog brain and monitored both the flow and(More)
We present Chandra observations of black hole X-ray novae V404 Cyg, A0620–00, GRO J1655–40 and XTE J1550–564 in quiescence. Their quiescent spectra can be well fitted by a power-law model with number slope α ∼ 2. While a coronal (Raymond-Smith) model is also a statistically acceptable representation of the spectra , the best fit temperatures of these models(More)
We have obtained snapshot images of an X-ray nova in M31 from Chandra ACIS-I and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS). The Chandra position of the X-ray nova was R. During this time period, the X-ray flux decayed linearly from (3.6±0.2)×10 −4 to <(6.9±0.09)×10 −5 ct cm −2 s −1. The HST identification of an optical source in the(More)