Albert J. J. A. Scherpbier

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BACKGROUND Measurement of learning climates can serve as an indicator of a department's educational functioning. AIM This article describes the development and psychometric qualities of an instrument to measure learning climates in postgraduate specialist training: the Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test (D-RECT). METHOD A preliminary questionnaire(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a model linking the processes and outcomes of workplace learning. METHODS We synthesised a model from grounded theory analysis of group discussions before and after experimental strengthening of medical students' workplace learning. The research was conducted within a problem-based clinical curriculum with little early workplace(More)
PURPOSE Clinical teaching's importance in the medical curriculum has led to increased interest in its evaluation. Instruments for evaluating clinical teaching must be theory based, reliable, and valid. The Maastricht Clinical Teaching Questionnaire (MCTQ), based on the theoretical constructs of cognitive apprenticeship, elicits evaluations of individual(More)
CONTEXT Many countries have adopted the CanMEDS roles. However, there is limited information on how these apply in an international context and in different specialties. OBJECTIVES To survey trainee and specialist ratings of the importance of the CanMEDS roles and perceived ability to perform tasks within the roles. METHODS We surveyed 8749 doctors(More)
BACKGROUND Effectiveness of medical education programs is most meaningfully measured as performance of its graduates. OBJECTIVES To assess the value of measurements obtained in medical schools in predicting future performance in medical practice. METHODS SEARCH STRATEGY The English literature from 1955 to 2004 was searched using MEDLINE, Embase,(More)
OBJECTIVES To find how early experience in clinical and community settings ("early experience") affects medical education, and identify strengths and limitations of the available evidence. DESIGN A systematic review rating, by consensus, the strength and importance of outcomes reported in the decade 1992-2001. DATA SOURCES Bibliographical databases and(More)
INTRODUCTION Junior doctors have reported shortcomings in their general competencies, such as organisational skills and teamwork. We explored graduates' perceptions of how well their training had prepared them for medical practice and in general competencies in particular. We compared the opinions of graduates from problem-based learning (PBL) and non-PBL(More)
This AMEE Guide offers an introduction to research in medical education. It is intended for those who are contemplating conducting research in medical education but are new to the field. The Guide is structured around the process of transforming ideas and problems into researchable questions, choosing a research approach that is appropriate to the purpose(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated whether supervision, patient mix, and numbers of students influence the effectiveness of clinical rotations. METHOD The authors administered a questionnaire to 1,208 medical students in 1999 to evaluate the rotations' quality. They computed four variables--overall effectiveness, supervision, patient mix, and number of(More)
Several reasons have been given why students should have contacts with real patients early in the undergraduate medical curriculum, i.e., in the preclinical phase. However, it is not clear exactly what effects early patient contacts have with regard to knowledge construction and the development of clinical reasoning skills. We sought students' views of the(More)