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Reliable measurements of air quality and emissions at large livestock buildings with inherently large spatial and temporal variations of pollutant concentrations are relatively difficult and expensive. Appropriate methodologies for such measurements are not readily apparent and techniques and strategies vary widely. Several important technical issues need(More)
Releases of ammonia (NH), hydrogen sulphide (H S) and carbon dioxide (CO) from deep manure pits were investigated in two overnight tests to minimize the in#uence of solar radiation and sudden outdoor temperature changes using two pig fattening buildings. The rooms of the buildings had been emptied and cleaned between groups of pigs. The identical buildings(More)
Ammonia emissions from swine feeding operations depend on the housing type; animal size, age, and type; manure management, storage, and treatment; climatic variables; and manure utilization or land application techniques. Techniques or methods for estimating or quantifying NH 3 flux from a source to the atmosphere include nitrogen mass balance,(More)
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are regulated aerial pollutants that have environmental and health concerns. Swine operations produce and emit a complex mixture of VOCs with a wide range of molecular weights and a variety of physicochemical properties. Significant progress has been made in this area since the first experiment on VOCs at a swine facility(More)
This study was an add-on study to the National Air Emission Monitoring Study (NAEMS). The objective of this study was to measure odor emissions and corresponding concentrations and emissions of target odorous gases. Odor and odorous gas measurements at four NAEMS sites (dairy barns in Wisconsin-WI5B and Indiana-IN5B, swine finisher barn in Indiana-IN3B and(More)
Standard protocols for sampling and measuring odor emissions from livestock buildings are needed to guide scientists, consultants, regulators, and policy-makers. A federally funded, multistate project has conducted field studies in six states to measure emissions of odor, coarse particulate matter (PM(10)), total suspended particulates, hydrogen sulfide,(More)
Comprehensive field studies were initiated in 2002 to measure emissions of ammonia (NH3), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHC), particulate matter <10 microm in diameter, and total suspended particulate from swine and poultry production buildings in the United States. This paper focuses on the(More)
Odor and gas release from anaerobic lagoons for treating swine waste affect air quality in neighboring communities but rates of release are not well documented. A buoyant convective flux chamber (BCFC) was used to determine the effect of lagoon loading rate on measured odor and gas releases from two primary lagoons at a simulated wind speed of 1.0 m s(-1).(More)
Odor–related complaints are a major concern of pork producers. Open manure storage and treatment facilities such as uncovered anaerobic treatment lagoons are a major contributor to odor nuisance. Repeatable and valid field measurement techniques are needed for evaluating baseline odor emissions from existing livestock facilities and the effectiveness of(More)
Ammonia (NH) emissions vary considerably among farms as influenced by climate and management. Because emission measurement is difficult and expensive, process-based models provide an alternative for estimating whole farm emissions. A model that simulates the processes of NH formation, speciation, aqueous-gas partitioning, and mass transfer was developed and(More)