Albert Haeusler

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In adult ovariectomized rhesus monkeys bearing hypothalamic lesions which reduced circulating LH and FSH to undetectable levels, sustained elevated gonadotropin concentrations were reestablished by the intermittent administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) at the rate of 1 microgram/min for 6 min once every hour. The effects of varying either(More)
CGS 20267 is a new non-steroidal compound which potently inhibits aromatase in vitro (IC50 of 11.5 nM) and in vivo (ED50 of 1-3 micrograms/kg p.o.), CGS 20267 maximally inhibits estradiol production in vitro in LH-stimulated hamster ovarian tissue at 0.1 microM with an IC50 of 0.02 microM and does not significantly affect progesterone production up to 350(More)
Adrenalectomy blocks the memory-improving effect of piracetam-like compounds in mice. If this blockade is due to the removal of endogenous corticosteroids, replacement therapy with exogenous corticosteroids should reinstate the effects on memory. The present experiments were designed to determine the appropriate replacement dose (concentration in the(More)
Oral pretreatment with aldosterone or corticosterone blocked the memory-enhancing effects of the calcium antagonist nimodipine, the ACE inhibitor captopril, the NMDA blocker CGP 37 849, and the glycine antagonist strychnine in a passive-avoidance test in mice. The memory-disturbing effects of phenobarbitone, diazepam, CGP 37 849 and scopolamine were not(More)
CGS 16949A is a potent inhibitor of aromatase in vitro with an IC50 of 0.03 microM for the inhibition of LH-stimulated estrogen biosynthesis in hamster ovaries. In vivo, CGS 16949A leads to sequelae of estrogen deprivation (e.g. regression of DMBA-induced mammary tumors) without causing adrenal hypertrophy in adult rats. To complement these in vitro and in(More)
Oral pretreatment of mice with aldosterone or corticosterone blocked the memory-enhancing effects of piracetam, pramiracetam, aniracetam and oxiracetam in a dose-related manner, without, however, impairing the animals' learning performance. The improvement of memory induced by physostigmine, arecoline, and tacrine (THA) was similarly inhibited. The fact(More)
Since adrenalectomy abolishes the memory-enhancing effects of piracetam and its derivatives, oxiracetam, aniracetam and pramiracetam, the question arises whether endogenous steroids play a role in their mechanism of action. We show that inhibition of steroid biosynthesis by aminoglutethimide and blockade of the aldosterone receptors by epoxymexrenone(More)
The blockade of the memory-enhancing effects of piracetam resulting from adrenalectomy can be abolished by substitution with either corticosterone or aldosterone. However, corticosterone substitution does not reinstate these effects if the aldosterone receptors are blocked by the aldosterone antagonist epoxymexrenon.
The use of aromatase inhibitors is an established therapy for oestrogen-dependent breast cancer in postmenopausal women. However, the sole commercially available aromatase inhibitor, aminoglutethimide, is not very selective. We have therefore developed fadrozole hydrochloride and CGS 20,267, which are both currently under clinical evaluation. This report(More)
Aminoglutethimide (AG), an inhibitor of the aromatase enzyme, inhibits the biosynthesis of estrogens and displays well-documented anti-tumor efficacy in breast-cancer. However, this efficacy is accompanied by a relative lack of specificity in inhibiting aromatase and moderate tolerability. We report on two new non-steroidal aromatase inhibitors (CGS 16949A(More)