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PURPOSE We compared arterial, aortic, and carotid-cardiac baroreflex sensitivity in eight average fit (maximal oxygen uptake, VO2max = 42.2+/-1.9 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1)) and eight high fit (VO2max = 61.9+/-2.2 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1)) healthy young adults. METHODS Arterial and aortic (ABR) baroreflex functions were assessed utilizing hypo- and hyper-tensive(More)
Pyruvate, a natural metabolic fuel and antioxidant in myocardium and other tissues, exerts a variety of cardioprotective actions when provided at supraphysiological concentrations. Pyruvate increases cardiac contractile performance and myocardial energy state, bolsters endogenous antioxidant systems, and protects myocardium from ischemia-reperfusion injury(More)
PURPOSE Postcardiopulmonary bypass atrial fibrillation remains a constant complication associated with coronary revascularization, the incidence of which occurs from 20% to 35%. Previous studies have addressed this problem in the postoperative setting utilizing pharmacological agents, but the results have been variable. The purpose of this study was to(More)
This investigation was designed to determine the role of intramuscular pressure-sensitive mechanoreceptors and chemically sensitive metaboreceptors in affecting the blood pressure response to dynamic exercise in humans. Sixteen subjects performed incremental (20 W/min) cycle exercise to fatigue under four conditions: control, exercise with thigh cuff(More)
We sought to determine whether carotid baroreflex (CBR) control of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) was altered during dynamic exercise. In five men and three women, 23.8 +/- 0.7 (SE) yr of age, CBR function was evaluated at rest and during 20 min of arm cycling at 50% peak O(2) uptake using 5-s periods of neck pressure and neck suction. From rest(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) precipitates inflammation that causes marked pulmonary dysfunction. Leukocyte filtration has been proposed to reduce these deleterious effects. Other studies show an improvement with aprotinin. We proposed that a combination of these two therapies would synergistically improve pulmonary outcomes. Two hundred and twenty-five(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether pyruvate-fortified cardioplegia solution provides cardioprotection superior to lactate-based cardioplegia solutions in patients undergoing elective coronary revascularization, with specific attention to post-surgical recovery of left ventricular performance as well as biochemical markers of ischemic injury. DESIGN(More)
Cardioplegic arrest for bypass surgery imposes global ischemia on the myocardium, which generates oxyradicals and depletes myocardial high-energy phosphates. The glycolytic metabolite pyruvate, but not its reduced congener lactate, increases phosphorylation potential and detoxifies oxyradicals in ischemic and postischemic myocardium. This study tested the(More)
In order to characterize the stimulus-response relationships of the arterial, aortic, and carotid baroreflexes in mediating cardiac chronotropic function, we measured heart rate (HR) responses elicited by acute changes in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and carotid sinus pressure (CSP) in 11 healthy individuals. Arterial (aortic + carotid) baroreflex control(More)