Albert Gramsbergen

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The development of the electroencephalogram (EEG) and, especially, behavioral state-specific EEG patterns was studied in white and black hooded rats of the Lister strain, aged 9-30 days. Movements of the rat were recorded and the behavioral state was monitored by means of a push-button device. The EEG was collected when the rat was in State 1 (regular(More)
By means of a comparative study of experimental data from the literature we estimated at what age the rat cerebral cortex corresponds to that of the full-term newborn human infant with regard to the degree of maturation. As a result of this study we suggest that the 12-13-day-old rat pup fulfills this criterion. This finding should be of use to scientists(More)
The development of free walking was studied in rats between postnatal days 10 and 20. Spontaneous quadruped walking with the ventral surface of the body off the floor was first observed at postnatal day 11. Locomotion remained clumsy and invariably slow during the next few days, but a rapid transformation into the mature pattern of locomotion occurred(More)
The aim of this study was to compare different methods for the evaluation of functional nerve recovery. Three groups of adult male Wistar rats were studied. In group A, a 12-mm gap between nerve ends was bridged by an autologous nerve graft; in rats of group B we performed a crush lesion of the sciatic nerve and group C consisted of non-operated control(More)
The effects of lesions in the sciatic nerve were studied in adult rats. In the left hindleg, a segment 12 mm long was resected from the proximal part of the nerve, before the bifurcation into the peroneal and tibial nerves. This segment in a reversed orientation was used as a nerve graft. EMG patterns in the tibialis anterior and the gastrocnemius muscles(More)
In this essay, recent research into the relation between postural control and the development of walking in the rat is reviewed. The adult-like walking pattern develops at the 15th to 16th day (P15-P16). Until this age, postural control, as indicated by EMG activity in the longissimus muscle in the trunk, is poorly phased in relation to the stepcycle. After(More)
Functional recovery after transection of the sciatic nerve in adult rats is poor, probably because of abnormalities in reinnervation. Denervation and reinnervation patterns were studied morphologically in the lateral gastrocnemius (LGC), tibialis anterior (TA), and soleus (SOL) muscles for 21 weeks after nerve transection (motor endplates by(More)
The role of the mammalian cerebellum ranges from motor coordination, sensory-motor integration, motor learning, and timing to nonmotor functions such as cognition. In terms of motor function, the development of the cerebellum is of particular interest because animal studies show that the development of the cerebellar cortical circuitry closely parallels(More)