Albert E Freeman

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Relationships between genetic measures of mastitis (somatic cell score, score for clinical mastitis, and scores for IMI with major or minor pathogens) and immunological parameters (physiological and molecular markers) were examined for periparturient Holstein cows. Physiological markers included 11 in vitro immunological assays. Molecular markers included(More)
The associations between alleles at the BoLA (bovine lymphocyte antigen) DRB3 locus and 20 indicator traits of innate and adaptive immunity were investigated. Periparturient Holsteins (n = 127) were genotyped at the BoLA DRB3 locus using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism. Twenty-two alleles were observed in the study(More)
Two groups of 10 Holstein cows were chosen by pairs from a 20-yr genetic selection project that used either breed average or breed high sires chosen only for Predicted Differences in milk production. Milk production (305-d mature equivalent) was 10,814 kg and 6912 kg for the high and average groups of cows. Days to first visual estrus and number of(More)
Genetic correlations of heifer fertility and first-parity yield usually were negative and opposite in sign from genetic correlations of first-parity fertility and yield. Most estimates of genetic correlation between heifer and first-parity fertility were not significantly different from zero. Increasing yield may improve genetic potential for fertility, but(More)
The genetic variability of blood neutrophil functions, lymphocyte blastogenic responses to mitogens, serum Ig concentrations, and serum complement and conglutinin activities was investigated from 35 d prepartum to 35 d postpartum for 137 Holstein cows. Periparturient cows experience an immunosuppression of various immunologic parameters at calving.(More)
The literature on cell transformation by chemical carcinogens has been critically reviewed. This subject is highly relevant to carcinogenesis in vivo, because the phenotypic changes that are collectively referred to as cell transformation usually involve the acquisition of tumorigenicity on inoculation into suitable rodent hosts. The systems chosen for(More)
Data from twenty assays of traits associated with innate and adaptive immunity were evaluated from 137 periparturient Holstein cows. These cows had been selected through planned matings for four different levels of milk production (high and average pounds of milk, and high and average pounds of milk fat plus protein). For up to seven generations, the(More)
Measures of yield and fertility were obtained from breeding receipts of artificial insemination and records of test-day yield. Estimates of heritability were by Henderson Method 3, maximum likelihood, and restricted maximum likelihood. Heritabilities for measures of yield varied, but most were within the range of earlier estimates. Measures of fertility had(More)
Influences of days open present lactation, days open previous lactation, and days dry previous lactation were fit simultaneously to determine their effects on measures of yield, which were fat-corrected milk, milk, and milk fat, all adjusted to a 305-d mature equivalent basis. Best linear unbiased estimates were obtained. Multiparity analyses were conducted(More)
Breeding receipts from artificial insemination were matched with records of milk yield from northeastern United States. Nine measures of yield and 10 measures of fertility were investigated. A completely random model with herd-year-season, sire, and interaction of sire by herd-year-season was applied by parity; interaction of sire by herd-year-season was(More)