Albert Duschl

Learn More
Like other members of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) family of proteins, STAT6 has a dual role as signaling molecule and transcription factor. STAT6 is tightly connected to IL-4 and IL-13 signaling, and plays a key role in TH2 polarization of the immune system, as studies on knockout mice have illustrated impressively. The last(More)
Ecotoxicological effect studies often expose test organisms under optimal environmental conditions. However, organisms in their natural settings rarely experience optimal conditions. On the contrary, during most of their lifetime they are forced to cope with sub-optimal conditions and occasionally with severe environmental stress. Interactions between the(More)
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-13 are the only cytokines known to bind to the receptor chain IL-4Ralpha. Receptor sharing by these two cytokines is the molecular basis for their overlapping biological functions. Both are key factors in the development of allergic hypersensitivity, and they also play a major role in exacerbating allergic and asthmatic symptoms.(More)
In this work, we explore the formation of the protein corona after exposure of metallic Au nanoparticles (NPs), with sizes ranging from 4 to 40 nm, to cell culture media containing 10% of fetal bovine serum. Under in vitro cell culture conditions, zeta potential measurements, UV-vis spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscope(More)
Single-walled carbon nanotubes have gained enormous popularity due to a variety of potential applications which will ultimately lead to increased human and environmental exposure to these nanoparticles. This study was carried out in order to evaluate the inflammatory response of immortalised and primary human lung epithelial cells (A549 and NHBE) to(More)
Due to their large specific surface area, the potential of nanoparticles to be highly reactive and to induce oxidative stress is particularly high. In addition, some types of nanoparticles contain transition metals as trace impurities which are known to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) in biological systems. This study investigates the potential of(More)
Abstract Nickel, zinc, and copper oxide nanoparticles (NiONP, ZnONP, and CuONP) and their aqueous extracts (AEs) were applied to A549 lung epithelial cells to determine the cytotoxicity, IL-8 production, and activation of transcription factors. Nanoparticles (NPs) and their AEs were also instilled into rat lungs to evaluate acute and chronic inflammatory(More)
The Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (Jak-STAT) pathway is essential for the signal transduction of many cytokines. Dysregulation of Jak-STAT signaling is associated with various human diseases. Recent studies have helped to shed some light on regulatory mechanisms that modify quantity and quality of the signaling response.(More)
Interaction of nanoparticles with proteins is the basis of nanoparticle bio-reactivity. This interaction gives rise to the formation of a dynamic nanoparticle-protein corona. The protein corona may influence cellular uptake, inflammation, accumulation, degradation and clearance of the nanoparticles. Furthermore, the nanoparticle surface can induce(More)
A cardinal feature of allergic disorders and immune responses is enhanced leukocyte trafficking. This is largely orchestrated by chemokines. The CC chemokine thymus- and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC/CCL17) selectively attracts Th2 cells via the G protein-coupled chemokine receptor CCR4. We show here that TARC/CCL17 is expressed by human T cells upon(More)