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The Mayo Clinic experience with more than 200 bile acid breath tests was analyzed retrospectively to assess its clinical value. In patients with suspected bacterial overgrowth, the result of the bile acid breath test was compared with that of culture of aspirates of small bowel, and the test was found to have a sensitivity of 0.70 and a specificity of 0.90(More)
To compare sensitivity, specificity and convenience, four indirect methods of detecting lactase deficiency were tested prospectively in 25 subjects with biopsy-proved lactase deficiency and in 25 with normal lactase activity. After ingestion of 50 g of lactose, containing 1-14Clactose, breath hydrogen was abnormally elevated in all 25 lactase-deficient(More)
Intestinal lactase activity was assessed indirectly in 156 American Indians by measuring breath hydrogen after an oral lactose load. Lactase deficiency was present in 66% of subjects and correlated highly with the percentage of Indian blood. Lactase deficiency was present by the age of 5 years and was unrelated to sex. Most lactase-deficient subjects (81%),(More)
Diverticula rarely occur within the lumen of the duodenum. They arise near the papilla of Vater and extend distally. The diverticulum is lined on both sides with duodenal mucosa, and its eccentric opening is usually proximal in the sac. The diverticulum results from incomplete recanalization of the intestinal lumen after the proliferative epithelial stage(More)