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The terminal regions of human chromosomes, the telomeres, shorten with each cell division in most normal somatic cells. Telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein that synthesizes telomeric DNA onto chromosomal ends, is activated in germline cells and almost all tumor cells. Telomerase activity maintains the stability of telomere length, resulting in indefinite(More)
Fas/APO-1 is a cell surface protein known to trigger apoptosis upon specific antibody engagement. Because wild-type p53 can activate transcription as well as induce apoptosis, we queried whether p53 might upregulate Fas/APO-1. To explore this possibility, we examined human p53-null (H358 non-small-cell lung adenocarcinoma and K562 erythroleukemia) and(More)
Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) have been used rarely for allogeneic transplantation because of concerns regarding graft failure and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We evaluated the results of allogeneic PBSC transplantation (allo-PBSCT) in 9 patients with refractory leukemia or lymphoma receiving myeloablative therapy followed by allo-PBSCT from an(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the intracellular pathways by which ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) negatively regulate the development of rod photoreceptors in the mouse retina. METHODS Retina explant cultures derived from timed-pregnant CD-1 mice were used to monitor rod photoreceptor(More)
This manuscript summarizes current thinking on the value and promise of evolving circulating tumor cell (CTC) technologies for cancer patient diagnosis, prognosis, and response to therapy, as well as accelerating oncologic drug development. Moving forward requires the application of the classic steps in biomarker development–analytical and clinical(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor gene plays a role in controlling a G1 phase checkpoint. The WAF1/CIP1 gene with encodes p21WAF1/CIP1 protein, an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases, is a downstream mediator of p53 function. We examined expression of the WAF1/CIP1 gene and its relationship to growth arrest and differentiation in p53-null human leukemic cell(More)
Donor lymphocyte infusions can reinduce complete remission in the majority of patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) who relapse into chronic phase after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Such infusions are associated with a high incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and marrow aplasia. BMT using selective depletion of CD8+(More)
HRONIC MYELOGENOUS leukemia (CML) is a C clonal myeloproliferative disorder of the primitive he-matopoietic stem cell.'-3 It involves the myeloid, erythroid, megakaryocytic, Band nd sometimes T-lymphoid elements, but not the marrow fibrobla~ts.~,~ CML is characterized by (1) the heterogeneity of the disease among patients, (2) a biphasic or triphasic(More)