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The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most frequently prescribed antidepressant drugs, because they are well tolerated and have no severe side effects. They rapidly block serotonin (5-HT) reuptake, yet the onset of their therapeutic action requires weeks of treatment. This delay is the result of presynaptic and postsynaptic adaptive(More)
The characteristics of the serotonin (5-HT) output in the dorsal and median raphe nuclei of the rat were studies using in vivo microdialysis. The basal output of 5-HT increased after KCl was added to the perfusion fluid. In contrast, neither the omission of calcium ions nor the addition of 0.5 microM tetrodotoxin affected dialysate 5-HT or(More)
The prefrontal cortex plays a key role in the control of higher brain functions and is involved in the pathophysiology and treatment of schizophrenia. Here we report that approximately 60% of the neurons in rat and mouse prefrontal cortex express 5-HT(1A) and/or 5-HT2A receptor mRNAs, which are highly co-localized (approximately 80%). The electrical(More)
The release of dopamine in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) plays an important role in the autoinhibition of the dopamine neurons of the mesocorticolimbic system through the activation of somatodendritic dopamine D2 autoreceptors. Accordingly, the intra-VTA application of dopamine D2 receptor agonists reduces the firing rate and release of dopamine in the(More)
The effects of 1 h/day restraint in plastic tubes for 24 days on the levels of serotonin (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), tryptophan (TP), and noradrenaline (NA) in six regions of rat brain 20 h after the last restraint period were investigated. The levels of 5-HT, 5-HIAA, and NA but not TP increased in several regions. The effects of 1 h of(More)
Since 1994, the beta-adrenoceptor and 5-HT(1A/1B) receptor ligand pindolol has been used to accelerate or enhance the clinical effects of antidepressant drugs, such as the selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), that act primarily on 5-HT-containing neurones. Pindolol was initially thought to act by preventing the inhibition of 5-HT release, elicited by(More)
The antidepressant drug clomipramine (CIM) blocks 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) uptake in vitro. Electrophysiological studies have shown that CIM also reduces the firing of serotonergic neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus. In order to assess the effects of CIM on serotonergic transmission in vivo, the technique of intracerebral microdialysis was used. CIM was(More)
The present study was conducted in order to examine the influence of catecholaminergic afferents on the release of serotonin in the median raphe nucleus in vivo. To this aim, selective dopamine D1 and D2, and alpha1- and alpha2-adrenergic agonists and antagonists were administered locally (1, 10 and 100 microM) through a dialysis probe implanted in the(More)
Several studies have demonstrated that systemically administered N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists increase serotonin (5-HT) and glutamate release in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Previously we showed that the perfusion of clozapine in the mPFC prevented the MK-801-induced increase in extracellular glutamate and 5-HT whereas(More)
There is considerable interest in the regulation of the extracellular compartment of the transmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in the midbrain raphe nuclei because it can control the activity of ascending serotonergic systems and the release of 5-HT in terminal areas of the forebrain. Several intrinsic and extrinsic factors of 5-HT neurons that(More)