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Trigeminal neuropathic pain represents a real challenge to therapy because commonly used drugs are devoid of real beneficial effect or patients frequently become intolerant or refractory to some of these compounds. In a rat model of trigeminal neuropathic pain, which shares numerous similarities with human trigeminal neuralgia and trigeminal neuropathic(More)
Neuropathic pain developing after peripheral nerve injury is associated with altered neuronal and glial cell functions in the spinal cord. Activated glia produces algogenic mediators, exacerbating pain. Among the different intracellular pathways possibly involved in the modified glial function, the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) system is of particular interest,(More)
Responses resulting from injury to the trigeminal nerve exhibit differences compared with those caused by lesion of other peripheral nerves. With the aim of elucidating the physiopathological mechanisms underlying cephalic versus extracephalic neuropathic pain, we determined the time course expression of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6) and(More)
Several voltage-gated sodium channels are expressed in primary sensory neurons where they control excitability and participate in the generation and propagation of action potentials. Peripheral nerve injury-induced alterations in both tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive and TTX-resistant sodium channels have been proposed to contribute to neuropathic pain caused(More)
The 5-HT(3) receptor is a member of the superfamily of neurotransmitter-gated ion channels involved in fast synaptic signalling and in modulation of neurotransmitter release. As for many other channel receptors, the electrophysiological properties and the functions of the 5-HT(3) receptor are determined by subunit composition of the pentameric channel.(More)
Neuropathic pain developing after peripheral nerve injury is associated with altered neuronal and glial cell functions in the spinal cord. Activated glia produces algogenic mediators, exacerbating pain. Among the different intracellular pathways possibly involved in the modified glial function, the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) system is of particular(More)
Previous studies showed that triptans and other 5-HT(1B/1D)-receptor agonists attenuate hyper-responsiveness to mechanical stimulation of the face in a rat model of trigeminal neuropathic pain, probably by activating 5-HT(1B/1D)-receptors on primary afferent nociceptive fibers. We now tested whether blockade of post-synaptic receptors for the excitatory(More)
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