Alba González-Escalada

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Varicella vaccines available in Spain were marketed in 1998 and 2003 for non-routine use. Since 2006 some regions decided to include varicella vaccination in their regional routine vaccination programmes at 15-18 months of age. Other regions chose the strategy of vaccinating susceptible adolescents. This study shows the trends in severe varicella zoster(More)
INTRODUCTION Clostridium difficile is responsible for a spectrum of diseases known as "Clostridium difficile infection" (CDI). It is currently the leading cause of nosocomial diarrhea in developed countries. This infection has been associated with both increased hospital stay and mortality, and to a greater likelihood of readmission. In our country these(More)
All hospital discharges and deaths related to invasive meningococcal disease, meningococcal meningitis and meningococcemia in the general population from 1997 to 2008 in Spain were obtained. Among the 11,611 meningococcal infection related discharges 53% were meningococcal meningitis and 55% were meningococcemia. The annual hospitalization rate was 2.33,(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of gonorrhoea has increased worldwide in the last few years. Gonorrhoea is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the world, and is a serious public health problem because of its associated morbidity and complications. The objective of this study was to estimate the frequency of gonorrhoea-related(More)
In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of cases of certain immunopreventable diseases in our country. A high proportion of these have been recorded among the young adult population. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of antibodies against immunopreventable diseases with the greatest health impacts on the young adult(More)
This epidemiological survey in Spain estimates the burden of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in children up to 5 year of age during a 15-year period (1997-2011). Observational retrospective survey was conducted by reviewing data of the National Surveillance System for Hospital Data, including >98% of Spanish hospitals. All hospitalizations(More)
This study shows hospital discharges related to all-cause diarrhoea and rotavirus infection in children up to five years of age from 2005 to 2009 in Spain. Rotavirus vaccines have been available in Spain since late 2006 and early 2007. They are neither funded nor reimbursed by the National Health Care System. However, they are recommended by the Spanish(More)
Objective In order to illustrate the important public health impact of syphilis, which is a preventable infection, the epidemiology of syphilis-related hospitalisations in Spain was studied over a 10-year period. Methods A retrospective study was conducted using the National Epidemiological Surveillance System for Hospital Data (Minimum Data Set). All(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the reduction in the incidence of measles in recent years, outbreaks have appeared in various countries in Central and Western Europe. Estimating the percentage of immune individuals is fundamental for establishing control strategies in these situations. METHODS A total of 1,147 serum samples from healthy volunteers were tested by two(More)