Alayne G. Ronnenberg

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OBJECTIVE To assess the association between preconception homocysteine and B vitamin status and risk of clinical spontaneous abortion in women from Anqing, China. METHODS All women were aged 21-34 years, had never smoked, and were primigravid. Patients (n = 49) were women with a clinically recognized pregnancy who experienced a fetal death before 100(More)
Maternal vitamin status contributes to clinical spontaneous abortion, but the role of B-vitamin and homocysteine status in subclinical early pregnancy loss is unknown. Three-hundred sixty-four textile workers from Anqing, China, who conceived at least once during prospective observation (1996-1998), provided daily urine specimens for up to 1 year, and(More)
Prenatal anemia and iron deficiency are associated with adverse birth outcomes, but no previous studies have examined the relation between preconception anemia, iron deficiency, and pregnancy outcome in healthy women. We measured hemoglobin (Hb), ferritin, transferrin receptor (TfR), and vitamins B-6, B-12, and folate concentrations before pregnancy in 405(More)
Earlier studies from this laboratory were unable to confirm reported immunostimulatory effects of supplemental dietary arginine on healthy, unstressed young or aged rats. The present study was undertaken to determine effects of oral arginine supplementation on in vitro measures of immune function using a stressed rat model. The stressor used was(More)
Recent studies indicate that supplemental arginine may enhance in vitro lymphocyte mitogenesis. To determine whether dietary arginine could reverse age-associated losses in immune functions, we fed purified amino acid diets to young (2-mo-old) and aged (24-mo-old) Fischer 344 rats. Rats receiving control (1.12% arginine) or supplemented (3% arginine) diets(More)
Tuberculosis is highly prevalent worldwide, accounting for nearly two million deaths annually. Vitamin D influences the immune response to tuberculosis, and vitamin D deficiency has been associated with increased tuberculosis risk in different populations. Genetic variability may influence host susceptibility to developing active tuberculosis and treatment(More)
The role of corticotropin-releasing factor in autonomic regulation of heart rate, heart rate variability and behavior responses was investigated in two genetic mouse models: corticotropin-releasing factor receptor 1-deficient mice, and corticotropin-releasing factor-transgenic mice overexpressing corticotropin-releasing factor. Heart rate was recorded by(More)
Iron, potassium, zinc, and other minerals might impact the development of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) through multiple mechanisms, but few studies have evaluated these relations. We conducted a case-control study nested within the prospective Nurses' Health Study II (1991-2001). Participants were free from PMS at baseline. After 10 years, 1,057 women were(More)
OBJECTIVES Obesity is a complex trait that is affected by both environmental and genetic risk factors. The beta(3) adrenergic receptor (ADRB3) is expressed in adipose tissue and plays a role in energy metabolism. A missense mutation on codon 64 of this gene (W64R) is associated with receptor malfunction. Previous studies examining the relation between this(More)
Low maternal prepregnancy BMI is associated with adverse birth outcomes, but the BMI at which risk increases is not well defined. We assessed whether the relationship between prepregnancy BMI and birth outcomes is influenced by the extent to which mothers were underweight in a prospective study in Anhui, China. The women (n = 575) were 20-34 y old, married,(More)