Alastair Wood

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Currently available HIV-1 protease inhibitors are potent agents in the therapy of HIV-1 infection. However, limited oral absorption and variable tissue distribution, both of which are largely unexplained, complicate their use. We tested the hypothesis that P-glycoprotein is an important transporter for these agents. We studied the vectorial transport(More)
HIV protease inhibitors have proven remarkably effective in treating HIV-1 infection. However, some tissues such as the brain and testes (sanctuary sites) are possibly protected from exposure to HIV protease inhibitors due to drug entry being limited by the membrane efflux transporter P-glycoprotein, located in the capillary endothelium. Intravenous(More)
Purpose. CYP3A and P-gp both function to reduce the intracellular concentration of drug substrates, one by metabolism and the other by transmembrane efflux. Moreover, it has been serendipitously noted that the two proteins have many common substrates and inhibitors. In order to test this notion more fully, systematic studies were undertaken to determine the(More)
Ethnicity is an important demographic variable contributing to interindividual variability in drug metabolism and response. In this rapidly expanding research area many genetic factors that account for the effects of ethnicity on pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and drug safety have been identified. This review focuses on recent developments that have(More)
Fifty-three child and adolescent psychiatric patients with depressive disorders were randomly allocated to brief cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) or to a control treatment, relaxation training. Forty-eight patients completed the treatment phase of the trial, which comprised 5-8 treatment sessions. Post-treatment assessments showed a clear advantage of CBT(More)
BACKGROUND The efflux transporter P-glycoprotein, a member of the adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette superfamily, is a major determinant of the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the opioid loperamide, a well-recognized antidiarrheal agent. Animal studies indicate that P-glycoprotein limits morphine entry into the brain. In this study, the(More)
BACKGROUND With continuous exposure to beta2-adrenergic agonists, vascular tissue becomes desensitized to agonist-mediated vasodilatation. We studied the effects of two common polymorphisms of the beta2-adrenergic receptor, one at codon 16 and one at codon 27, on agonist-mediated vasodilatation and desensitization in the vascular bed. METHODS We studied(More)
Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome, or keratosis palmoplantaris with periodontopathia (PLS, MIM 245000), is an autosomal recessive disorder that is mainly ascertained by dentists because of the severe periodontitis that afflicts patients. Both the deciduous and permanent dentitions are affected, resulting in premature tooth loss. Palmoplantar keratosis, varying from(More)
BACKGROUND Cytochrome P4503A (CYP3A) activity exhibits considerable interindividual variability, and an in vivo probe to measure such differences would serve several purposes. The erythromycin breath test (ERBT) is an established approach that has proven useful in this regard, but it has several limitations. More recently, the hydroxylation of midazolam has(More)
Studies were performed in 13 healthy subjects to determine whether treatment with rifampicin results in induction of the metabolism of mephenytoin. Daily dosing with 600 mg rifampicin for 22 days caused a three to eightfold increase in the 0-8 h urinary R/S ratio of mephenytoin following oral administration (100 mg) of racemic drug to extensive metabolizers(More)