Alastair R. Hawkins

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BACKGROUND Glucose regulated protein 78 (GRP78) functions as a sensor of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that molecules that bind to GRP78 induce the unfolded protein response (UPR) and enhance cell death in combination with ER stress inducers. METHODS Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), measurement(More)
Dehydroquinate synthase (DHQS) has long been regarded as a catalytic marvel because of its ability to perform several consecutive chemical reactions in one active site. There has been considerable debate as to whether DHQS is actively involved in all these steps, or whether several steps occur spontaneously, making DHQS a spectator in its own mechanism.(More)
The structure of the human gut microbiota is controlled primarily through the degradation of complex dietary carbohydrates, but the extent to which carbohydrate breakdown products are shared between members of the microbiota is unclear. We show here, using xylan as a model, that sharing the breakdown products of complex carbohydrates by key members of the(More)
The crystal structure of Staphylococcus aureus cytidine monophosphate kinase (CMK) in complex with cytidine 5'-monophosphate (CMP) has been determined at 2.3 angstroms resolution. The active site reveals novel features when compared with two orthologues of known structure. Compared with the Streptococcus pneumoniae CMK solution structure of the enzyme(More)
QUTA is a positively acting regulatory protein that regulates the expression of the eight genes comprising the quinic acid utilization gene (qut) gene cluster in Aspergillus nidulans. It has been proposed that the QUTA protein is composed of two domains that are related to the N-terminal two domains-dehydroquinate (DHQ) synthase and 5-enolpyruvyl(More)
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Nucleotide monophosphate kinases (NMPKs) are potential antimicrobial drug targets owing to their role in supplying DNA and RNA precursors. The present work reports the crystal structure of Staphylococcus aureus guanylate monophosphate kinase (SaGMK) at 1.9 A resolution. The structure shows that unlike most GMKs SaGMK is dimeric, confirming the role of the(More)
The first three steps in quinic acid degradation in Aspergillus nidulans are catalysed by highly inducible enzymes encoded by a gene cluster regulated by an adjacent control region. Analysis of two non-inducible mutants has been done in diploid strains, where qutA8 is recessive and all three enzyme activities are fully induced in heterozygous qutA8/qutA+(More)
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