Alastair J. S. Summerlee

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1. Extracellular electrical recordings were taken from nine antidromically identified paraventricular units in unanaesthetized, unrestrained rats. Neuronal activity was correlated with the observed events of parturition, i.e. abdominal contractions and delivery of young or placentae. 2. The level of spontaneous activity (0.15--3.2 spikes s-1) of all nine(More)
Electroencephalographic activity (EEG) was recorded from the frontal cortex of unanaesthetized and urethane-anaesthetized lactating rats and analysed in relation to the pattern of milk ejection evoked by the nursing pups. The EEG of the anaesthetized rat fluctuated without experimental intervention between three distinctive patterns defined as synchronized,(More)
A method is described for making extracellular recordings of the spontaneous activity of single hypothalamic neurones in unanaesthetized, freely moving, lactating rats using chronically implanted micro-wire electrodes. Extracellular recordings taken from individual neurones were maintained for periods of between 1 and 12 days. These records were not(More)
The novel finding that relaxin has an action on the brain was first published in 1984. Since then, it has been shown that exogenous relaxin affects the release of a number of hypothalamo-pituitary hormones and has a robust pressor action. In this paper, we review the accumulating evidence that relaxin affects the release of oxytocin and vasopressin by an(More)
Evidence suggests that relaxin-3 may have biological functions in the reproductive and central nervous systems. To date, however, relaxin-3 biodistribution has only been investigated in the mouse, rat, pig and teleost fish. Characterizing relaxin-3 gene structure, expression patterns, and function in non-human primates and humans is critical to delineating(More)
The extracellular electrical activity of magnocellular neurones was recorded from unanaesthetized, unrestrained rabbits in birth and the post partum suckling period. The activity of oxytocin neurones was differentiated from that of vasopressin cells on the basis of their stereotyped activity in suckling. Oxytocin neurones showed five to fourteen discrete(More)
Hormone antagonists can be effective tools to delineate receptor signaling pathways and their resulting downstream physiological actions. Mutation of the receptor binding domain (RBD) of human H2 relaxin (deltaH2) impaired its biological function as measured by cAMP signaling. In a competition assay, deltaH2 exhibited antagonistic activity by blocking(More)
This study reports the characterization of a recombinant adenoviral vector containing a tetracycline-regulatable promoter, driving the bicistronic expression of the human H2 preprorelaxin (hH2) cDNA and enhanced green fluorescent protein, via an internal ribosomal entry site. An hH2 ELISA was used to measure the secreted levels of recombinant hH2 in(More)
In several species the myometrium is quiescent shortly before parturition. At this time high titres of relaxin are present in the plasma and there is evidence that the hormone has a direct inhibitory action on the uterine muscle. Relaxin could also contribute to uterine quiescence by inhibiting oxytocin release. To determine whether relaxin has a central(More)
Abstract The effects of intravenous injection of porcine relaxin on the pulsatile secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) were investigated in conscious rats. In untreated, ovariectomized animals, relaxin at doses 2.5 to 10/mug/rat caused a dose-dependent suppression of pulsatile release of LH. At 5mug relaxin, pulses were suppressed for approximately 60 min(More)