Learn More
Dermcidin acts as a survival factor in a variety of cancer cell lines under hypoxia or oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate dermcidin expression in cell lines following simulation of tumour microenvironmental conditions and in a range of primary tumours. Tumour tissues were collected from patients with oesophageal (28 samples), gastric(More)
BACKGROUND Dermcidin (DCD) is a candidate survival gene in breast cancer. DCD gene expression has been identified in prostate cancer cell lines and primary prostate cancer tissue. The DCD protein is composed of proteolysis-inducing factor-core peptide (PIF-CP) and the skin antimicrobial DCD-1. The aim of this work was to: (i) establish if the DCD gene(More)
Dermcidin is a candidate oncogene capable of increasing the number of cultured neuronal, breast cancer and prostate cancer cells and improving the survival of hepatic cells. The dermcidin gene encodes the proteolysis-inducing factor core peptide (PIF-CP) and the skin antimicrobial peptide DCD-1. The peptide responsible for inducing proliferation of cells(More)
Proteolysis-inducing factor, a cachexia-inducing tumour product, is an N-glycosylated peptide with homology to the unglycosylated neuronal survival peptide Y-P30 and a predicted product of the dermcidin gene, a pro-survival oncogene in breast cancer. We aimed to investigate whether dermcidin is pro-survival in liver cells, in which proteolysis-inducing(More)
E-cigarette (EC) use has risen meteorically over the last decade. The majority of these devices are powered by re-chargeable lithium ion batteries, which can represent a fire hazard if damaged, over-heated, over-charged or stored inappropriately. There are currently no reports in the medical literature of lithium ion battery burns related to EC use and no(More)
Free fibular bone grafting is an effective treatment for early osteonecrosis of the femoral head in young patients. However, recipient vessels are often small rendering microvascular anastomosis difficult. We have developed a novel technique using retrograde flow through the branches of the lateral circumflex femoral artery to use the proximal end of the(More)
Interactions between tumour cells and the microenvironment are increasingly recognised to have an influence on cancer progression. In pancreatic carcinoma, a highly desmoplastic stroma with abnormal extracellular matrix (ECM) protein and interleukin-8 (IL-8) expression is seen. To investigate whether the ECM may further contribute to abnormalities in the(More)
This case report describes a gastric acid burn. Gastric acid burns secondary to vomiting in an elderly patient who has fallen and experienced a so called "long lie" have not been reported. The patient was admitted under the physicians and referred to the burns team once the wounds were recognized as burns. The patient was treated nonsurgically with(More)
BACKGROUND The correct anatomical placement of conchomastoid sutures during suture otoplasty can sometimes prove challenging. If the suture vector is inaccurate, reduction can be difficult and this may lead to malrotation of the pinna. METHODS This paper describes the adoption of the auricularis posterior muscle, which runs from the mastoid to the concha(More)