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We have studied the expression patterns of the newly isolated homeobox gene, Hox-8 by in situ hybridisation to sections of the developing heads of mouse embryos between E9 and E17.5, and compared them to Hox-7 expression patterns in adjacent sections. This paper concentrates on the interesting expression patterns of Hox-8 during initiation and development(More)
We have used in situ hybridisation to establish the temporal and spatial expression patterns of the mouse homeobox-containing gene; Hox-7, in the developing embryonic cranium and nervous system of the mouse between embryonic days 9.5 (E9.5) and E15.5. Hox-7 has previously been associated with areas of mesenchymal-epithelial interaction and cell migration(More)
To understand how the complex embryonic expression pattern of the Msx1 gene is produced a transgenic analysis of 13 kb of DNA around the Msx1 locus was carried out. Most of the extensive expression pattern of the Msx1 gene was reproduced in transgenics using the LacZ gene fused to 5 kb of Msx1 5' flanking DNA. Two enhancer domains were identified which(More)
Hox 7.1 is a murine homeobox-containing gene expressed in a range of neural-crest-derived tissues and areas of putative epithelial-mesenchymal interactions during embryogenesis. We have examined the expression of Hox 7.1 during craniofacial development in the mouse embryo between days 8 and 16 of development. Whereas facial expression at day 10 of gestation(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies of major depression in twins and families have shown moderate to high heritability, but extensive molecular studies have failed to identify susceptibility genes convincingly. To detect genetic variants contributing to major depression, the authors performed a genome-wide association study using 1,636 cases of depression ascertained in the(More)
The expression of the galanin gene (GAL) in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and in the amygdala of higher vertebrates suggests the requirement for highly conserved, but unidentified, regulatory sequences that are critical to allow the galanin gene to control alcohol and fat intake and modulate mood. We used comparative genomics to identify a highly(More)
Atmospheric composition and chemistry above tropical rainforests is currently not well established, particularly for southeast Asia. In order to examine our understanding of chemical processes in this region, the performance of a box model of atmospheric boundary layer chemistry is tested against measurements made at the top of the rainforest canopy near(More)
SUMMARY A parametrization of cirrus clouds formed by homogeneous nucleation is improved so that it can be used more easily in general-circulation models (GCMs) and climate models. The improved parametrization is completely analytical and requires no fitting of parameters to models or measurements; it compares well with full microphysical model results even(More)
Changes in the expression of the neuropeptide substance P (SP) in different populations of sensory neurones are associated with the progression of chronic inflammatory disease. Thus, understanding the genomic and cellular mechanisms driving the expression of the TAC1 gene, which encodes SP, in sensory neurones is essential to understanding its role in(More)
The neuropeptide substance-P (SP) is expressed from the TAC1 gene in sensory neurones where it acts as a key modulator of neurogenic inflammation. The promoter of TAC1 (TAC1prom) plays a central role in the regulation of the TAC1 gene but requires the presence of a second regulatory element; ECR2, to support TAC1 expression in sensory neurones and to(More)