Alasdair M. Gilfillan

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Mast-cell activation mediated by the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI) is considered to be a key event in the allergic inflammatory response. However, in a physiological setting, other receptors, such as KIT, might also markedly influence the release of mediators by mast cells. Recent studies have provided evidence that FcepsilonRI-dependent(More)
Mast cell mediator release represents a pivotal event in the initiation of inflammatory reactions associated with allergic disorders. These responses follow antigen-mediated aggregation of immunoglobulin E (IgE)-occupied high-affinity receptors for IgE (Fc epsilon RI) on the mast cell surface, a response which can be further enhanced following stem cell(More)
The mast cell is a central player in allergy and asthma. Activation of these cells induces the release of preformed inflammatory mediators localized in specialized granules and the de novo synthesis and secretion of cytokines, chemokines, and eicosanoids. The balance of engaging inhibitory and activatory cell-surface receptors on mast cells determines(More)
Mast cells are multifunctional cells that initiate not only IgE-dependent allergic diseases but also play a fundamental role in innate and adaptive immune responses to microbial infection. They are also thought to play a role in angiogenesis, tissue remodeling, wound healing, and tumor repression or growth. The broad scope of these physiologic and(More)
Mast cells are known to participate in the induction of inflammation through interaction of antigen with specific IgE bound to the high affinity receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI). Human mast cells, derived from CD34(+) hematopoietic precursors, not only express FcepsilonRI but also express high affinity receptors for IgG (FcgammaRI), the latter only after(More)
The recent development of a consensus definition and proposed diagnostic criteria for anaphylaxis offers promise for research efforts and a better understanding of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of this enigmatic and life-threatening disease. This review examines basic principles and recent research advances in the mechanisms of mast cell signaling(More)
BACKGROUND Mendelian analysis of disorders of immune regulation can provide insight into molecular pathways associated with host defense and immune tolerance. METHODS We identified three families with a dominantly inherited complex of cold-induced urticaria, antibody deficiency, and susceptibility to infection and autoimmunity. Immunophenotyping methods(More)
The Fc-region of immunoglobulin E (IgE) comprising C epsilon 2, C epsilon 3, and C epsilon 4 domains is sufficient for binding to the alpha chain of the high affinity IgE-Fc receptor (Fc epsilon RI alpha). In order to identify the smallest Fc fragment capable of binding to the Fc epsilon RI alpha with high affinity, various regions of the IgE-Fc molecule(More)
Activation of mast cells in the allergic inflammatory response occurs via the high affinity receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI) following receptor aggregation induced by antigen-mediated cross-linking of IgE-occupied FcepsilonRI. Recent observations suggest this response is profoundly influenced by other factors that reduce the threshold for, and increase the(More)
Mast cells infiltrate the sites of inflammation associated with chronic atopic disease and during helminth and bacterial infection. This process requires receptor-mediated cell chemotaxis across a concentration gradient of their chemotactic ligands. In vivo, mast cells are likely to be exposed to several such agents, which can cooperate in a synergistic(More)