Alanna N Roff

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The active form of vitamin D (1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)) is known to have antiproliferative effects and has been implicated in cancers of the colon, breast, and prostate. These cancers occur more frequently among African Americans than Caucasians, and individuals with African ancestry are known to have approximately twofold lower levels of serum vitamin D(More)
Recent studies suggest that low vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP aka group-specific complement or Gc) concentrations may be linked with inflammatory-mediated conditions, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cancer. However, these studies may be confounded by substantial racial and ethnic or genetic differences. The purpose of this(More)
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that can be difficult to manage due to a lack of diagnostic biomarkers and an incomplete understanding of the molecular pathogenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, single-stranded, non-coding RNAs with increasing importance in regulation of immune function and as biomarkers. We profiled miRNAs in the serum of(More)
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that affects people of all ages and is characterized by high morbidity. The mechanisms of asthma pathogenesis are unclear, and there is a need for development of diagnostic biomarkers and greater understanding of regulation of inflammatory responses in the lung. Post-transcriptional regulation of cytokines, chemokines, and(More)
BACKGROUND Lead is classified as a probable human carcinogen. However, its role in renal cell cancer (RCC) has not been established. Calcium and vitamin D may off-set toxicity in vivo. METHODS In this nested case-control study, whole blood lead, total serum calcium, and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were measured in blood drawn prior to diagnosis among(More)
Meprins are multimeric proteases that are implicated in inflammatory bowel disease by both genetic association studies and functional studies in knock-out mice. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease show decreased colonic expression of meprin α, although regulation of expression, particularly under inflammatory stimuli, has not been studied. The studies(More)
BACKGROUND Lower serum vitamin D (25(OH)D) among individuals with African ancestry is attributed primarily to skin pigmentation. However, the influence of genetic polymorphisms controlling for skin melanin content has not been investigated. Therefore, we investigated differences in non-summer serum vitamin D metabolites according to self-reported race,(More)
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