Alankar A. Vaidya

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Papain-catalyzed oligomerization of diethyl L-glutamate hydrochloride was conducted in phosphate buffer at 40 °C. Because of rapid oligomerization kinetics, high substrate concentrations were not needed to shift the equilibrium for oligomer synthesis. For example, at 0.03 M diethyl L-glutamate hydrochloride, oligo(γ-ethyl L-glutamate) synthesis and(More)
A new model for enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass distinguishes causal influences from enzyme deactivation and restrictions on the accessibility of cellulose. It focuses on calculating the amount of unreacted cellulose at cessation of enzyme activity, unlike existing models that were constructed for calculating the time dependence of(More)
Pre-treatment is important step prior to enzymatic hydrolysis of ligno-cellulosic biomass in order to obtain renewable carbon source ca. glucose. Pinus radiata biomass including wood blocks, wood chips and steam exploded wood (SEW) were used to investigate the effect of fungal pre-treatment on glucose yield. Comparison was made using one white-rot fungus(More)
N-Isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and O-vinyladipoyl uridine were copolymerized in different feed molar ratios ca. 95:5 to 75:25, respectively. The resulting polymers were characterized by gel-permeation chromactography, differential scanning calorimeter and cloud point measurements. The number-average molecular weights of the copolymers were 1.6×104≈3.3×104.(More)
Non-productive adsorption of cellulose degrading enzymes on lignin is a likely reason for reduced rate and extent of enzymatic conversion of lignocellulosic substrate to sugars. Additives such as polyethyleneglycol (PEG) may act as blocking agents in this non-productive interaction. However, the exact molecular level interactions of PEG with lignin in(More)
Commercially available enzymes do not contain all the necessary softwood-specific accessory enzymes to obtain high saccharification efficiency. In this work, six saprophytic fungi obtained from Pinus radiata plantation site were screened for the putative softwood-specific accessory enzyme, β-mannanase. A Penicillium sp. was found to produce β-mannanase in(More)
A mathematical model for costing enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosics is presented. This model is based on three variable parameters describing substrate characteristics and three unit costs for substrate, enzymes and incubation. The model is used to minimize the cost of fermentable sugars, as intermediate products on the route to ethanol or other(More)
A large volume of wood waste is produced in timber processing industry which traditionally used in low value applications. Here, value addition to the wood waste (Sander dust) and cellulose, hemicellulose isolated thereof by functionalisation using cyclic anhydrides in a solvent-free and green reactive extrusion process is reported. The effect of extrusion(More)
In this work, substrates prepared from thermo-mechanical treatment of Pinus radiata chips were vibratory ball milled for different times. In subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis, percent glucan conversion passed through a maximum value at a milling time of around 120min and then declined. Scanning electron microscopy revealed breakage of fibers to porous(More)