Alankar A. Vaidya

Learn More
Pre-treatment is important step prior to enzymatic hydrolysis of ligno-cellulosic biomass in order to obtain renewable carbon source ca. glucose. Pinus radiata biomass including wood blocks, wood chips and steam exploded wood (SEW) were used to investigate the effect of fungal pre-treatment on glucose yield. Comparison was made using one white-rot fungus(More)
Non-productive adsorption of cellulose degrading enzymes on lignin is a likely reason for reduced rate and extent of enzymatic conversion of lignocellulosic substrate to sugars. Additives such as polyethyleneglycol (PEG) may act as blocking agents in this non-productive interaction. However, the exact molecular level interactions of PEG with lignin in(More)
Commercially available enzymes do not contain all the necessary softwood-specific accessory enzymes to obtain high saccharification efficiency. In this work, six saprophytic fungi obtained from Pinus radiata plantation site were screened for the putative softwood-specific accessory enzyme, β-mannanase. A Penicillium sp. was found to produce β-mannanase in(More)
A mathematical model for costing enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosics is presented. This model is based on three variable parameters describing substrate characteristics and three unit costs for substrate, enzymes and incubation. The model is used to minimize the cost of fermentable sugars, as intermediate products on the route to ethanol or other(More)
A new model for enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass distinguishes causal influences from enzyme deactivation and restrictions on the accessibility of cellulose. It focuses on calculating the amount of unreacted cellulose at cessation of enzyme activity, unlike existing models that were constructed for calculating the time dependence of(More)
In this work, substrates prepared from thermo-mechanical treatment of Pinus radiata chips were vibratory ball milled for different times. In subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis, percent glucan conversion passed through a maximum value at a milling time of around 120min and then declined. Scanning electron microscopy revealed breakage of fibers to porous(More)
Pretreatment is a critical step in the enzymatic conversion of lignocellulosic substrate to sugars. A unique pretreatment sequence involving thermochemical treatment (steam explosion) followed by biological treatment (fungal exposure) was evaluated for Pinus radiata as a biofuel substrate. The effect of biological treatment using the white rot Trametes(More)
BACKGROUND Conversion of softwoods into sustainable fuels and chemicals is important for parts of the world where softwoods are the dominant forest species. While they have high theoretical sugar yields, softwoods are amongst the most recalcitrant feedstocks for enzymatic processes, typically requiring both more severe pretreatment conditions and higher(More)