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The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) virion protein VP22 exhibits the remarkable property of intercellular trafficking whereby the protein spreads from the cell in which it is synthesized to many surrounding cells. In addition to having implications for protein trafficking mechanisms, this function of VP22 might be exploited to overcome a major hurdle in(More)
We demonstrate that fusion proteins consisting of the herpes simplex virus (HSV) transport protein VP22 linked in frame to HSV thymidine kinase (tk) retain the ability to be transported between cells. In vivo radiolabelling experiments and in vitro assays show that the fusion proteins also retain tk activity. When transfected COS cells, acting as a source(More)
We compare methods of detection of intercellular transport of the herpes simplex virus protein VP22 and of a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-VP22 fusion protein. Spread of both proteins was observed by immunofluorescence (IF) using organic fixatives. Spread of both proteins was also detected by IF after paraformaldehyde (PFA) fixation and detergent(More)
Endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase F preparations from Flavobacterium meningosepticum have been found to contain peptide:N-glycosidase activity. Only the second activity, designated as peptide:N-glycosidase F, readily cleaves the beta-aspartylglycosylamine linkage of a fetuin triantennary complex glycopeptide, as shown by the isolation of the corresponding(More)
The low transduction efficiency of viral and nonviral vectors is a major limitation in tumour gene therapy. The HSV-1 tegument protein VP22 has been shown to exhibit a novel intercellular transport property. VP22 wild-type as well as VP22 fusion proteins efficiently spread from the original expressing cell to numerous neighbouring cells, so that protein(More)
Previously we showed that addition of purified VP22, a structural protein of herpes simplex virus, to short oligonucleotides (ODN) induced the spontaneous assembly of novel particles incorporating both protein and ODN. These particles were not toxic, entered cells, and resided stably in the cytoplasm. Surprisingly the particles could be activated by light(More)
A detailed study of the oligosaccharide specificity of the almond enzyme, peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl)asparagine amidase A, was undertaken by comparing the rate of release of intact oligosaccharide chains from defined glycopeptides of all significant classes. The oligosaccharide of a trisialo-triantennary pentaglycopeptide from fetuin was(More)
A Laotian immigrant with persistent cough and hemoptysis was found to have multiple small cavities on chest roentgenogram. Ova of the lung fluke Paragonimus westermani were found in the sputum, and the patient responded to bithionol therapy. Pulmonary paragonimiasis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cavitary lung disease in Indochinese(More)
Two different glycopeptides were isolated in high yield from a thermolytic digest of porcine fibrinogen. Edman analysis established their sequences as Val-Glu-Asn(CHO)-Lys and Val-Gly-Glu-Asn(CHO)-Arg. These sequences are nearly identical to the two human fibrinogen glycopeptides, Val-Glu-Asn(CHO)-Lys (gamma-chain), and Met-Gly-Glu-Asn(CHO)-Arg(More)