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Expression of beta-galactosidase in transcriptional fusions with the pps gene (encoding phosphoenolpyruvate [PEP] synthase), the aceBAK operon (encoding malate synthase, isocitrate lyase, and isocitrate dehydrogenase kinase, respectively), and the phs operon (encoding either thiosulfate reductase or a regulatory protein controlling its expression) was(More)
Mutants of Salmonella typhimurium defective in the proteins of the fructose operon [fruB(MH)KA], the fructose repressor (fruR), the energy-coupling enzymes of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS) (ptsH and ptsI), and the proteins of cyclic AMP action (cya and crp) were analyzed for their effects on cellular physiological processes(More)
A genetic locus designated fruR, previously mapped to min 3 on the Salmonella typhimurium chromosome, gave rise to constitutive expression of the fructose (fru) regulon and pleiotropically prevented growth on all Krebs cycle intermediates. Regulatory effects of fruR were independent of cyclic AMP and its receptor protein and did not prevent uptake of Krebs(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathways regulate multiple aspects of endochondral bone formation. The importance of extracellular antagonists as regulators of BMP signaling has been defined. In vitro studies reveal that the intracellular regulators, inhibitory Smads 6 and 7, can regulate BMP-mediated effects on chondrocytes. Although in vivo(More)
Positive selection procedures were developed for the isolation of mutants defective in components of the glucitol-specific catabolic enzyme system in Salmonella typhimurium. gutA (enzyme IIgut-negative), gutB (enzyme IIIgut-negative), and gutC (constitutive for the glucitol operon) mutants were isolated and characterized biochemically and genetically. The(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The Lgr family of transmembrane proteins (Lgr4, 5, 6) act as functional receptors for R-spondin proteins (Rspo 1, 2, 3, 4), and potentiate Wnt signaling in different contexts. Lgr5 is arguably the best characterized of the Lgr family members in a number of adult and embryonic contexts in mice. However, the function of LGR family members in(More)
The intestine plays a central role in digestion, nutrient absorption and metabolism, with individual regions of the intestine having distinct functional roles. Many examples of region-specific gene expression in the adult intestine are known, but how intestinal regional identity is established during development is a largely unresolved issue. Here, we have(More)
Nucleobase analogs 5-methylisocytosine ((Me)isoC) and isoguanine (isoG) form a non-natural base pair in duplex nucleic acids with base pairing specificity orthogonal to the natural nucleobase pairs. Sequencing reactions were conducted with oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ODNs) containing d(Me)isoC and disoG using modified pyrosequencing and dye terminator(More)
The intestine is a vital organ responsible for nutrient absorption, bile and waste excretion, and a major site of host immunity. In order to keep up with daily demands, the intestine has evolved a mechanism to expand the absorptive surface area by undergoing a morphogenetic process to generate finger-like units called villi. These villi house specialized(More)
The proteins comprising the fructose-specific phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system were investigated using a strain of Salmonella typhimurium which lacks the general phosphotransferase system proteins, HPr and Enzyme I, synthesizes the fructose phosphotransferase system proteins, FPr, Enzyme IIfru, Enzyme IIIfru, and fructose-1-phosphate(More)