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Using the techniques of Southern filter hybridization and somatic cell genetics, seven genomic DNA fragments recognizing DNA polymorphic loci were mapped to specific chromosomes and regions of chromosomes. The seven probes, isolated from human genomic libraries, lacked repetitive sequences and were hybridized to DNA isolated from a set of human-rodent(More)
Specific chromosomal deletions sometimes associated with tumours such as retinoblastoma (chromosome 13q14) and Wilm's tumour (chromosome 11p13) have led to the hypothesis that recessive genes may be involved in tumorigenesis. This hypothesis is supported by demonstration of allele loss specific for these regions using polymorphic DNA markers and by the(More)
Human Tumor Necrosis Factor and Lymphotoxin are cytotoxic proteins which have similar biological activities and share 30 percent amino acid homology. The single copy genes which encode these proteins share several structural features: each gene is approximately three kilobase pairs in length and is interrupted by three introns. In addition, these genes are(More)
Previous karyotypic analysis of human small cell lung cancer cell lines has demonstrated a consistent deletion of a portion of the short arm of chromosome 3(p14-23). DNA prepared from tumors and normal tissues obtained from 24 small cell lung cancer and two extrapulmonary small cell cancer patients was hybridized to four probes that detect restriction(More)
Cellular oncogenes comprise a class of genes whose aberrant expression or function may be involved in the development of tumours. Indeed, several naturally occurring animal and human tumours are associated with consistent alterations in the structure or genomic position of particular cellular oncogenes. Recently, we isolated a DNA segment having limited(More)
The c-fms protooncogene encodes the receptor for macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (CSF-1). Expression vectors containing either normal or oncogenic point-mutated human c-fms genes were transfected into interleukin 3 (IL-3)-dependent 32D cells in order to determine the effects of CSF-1 signaling in this murine clonal myeloid progenitor cell line. CSF-1(More)
The human R-ras gene was isolated by low-stringency hybridization with a v-H-ras probe. The predicted 218 amino acid R-ras protein has an amino-terminal extension of 26 residues compared with H-ras p21, and shows 55% amino acid identity; conserved domains include the p21 GTP-binding site and the carboxy-terminal membrane localization sequence. R-ras has at(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is a neutral metalloproteinase of the fibrillar collagenase family that also includes MMP-1 and MMP-13. In contrast to the other collagenases, MMP-8 has a very limited tissue distribution, thought to be restricted to neutrophils and chondrocytes. In a previous study, we observed MMP-8 expression in human melanoma cells.(More)
The method of in situ hybridization has become a significant technique for specific-site chromosome mapping. We show that the resolution of in situ hybridization can be increased by hybridizing the probe to stretched prometaphase chromosomes with high-resolution banding obtained after 5-bromodeoxyuridine treatment of the cells and with a Hoechst(More)