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An experimental study and a method for simulating the constitutive response of elastomers at temperatures in the chemorheological range (90–150 1C for natural rubber) are presented. A comprehensive set of uniaxial experiments for a variety of prescribed temperature histories is performed on natural rubber specimens that exhibit finite elasticity, entropic(More)
When an elastomeric material is deformed and subjected to temperatures above some chemorheological value T cr (near 100-C for natural rubber), its macromolecular structure undergoes time and temperature dependent chemical changes. The process continues until the temperature decreases below T cr. Compared to the virgin material, the new material system has(More)
When an elastomeric material is subject to sufficiently high temperature, macromolecular network junctions can undergo time-dependent scission and re-crosslinking (healing). The material system then consists of molecular networks with different reference states. A constitutive framework, based on the experimental work of Tobolsky, is used to determine the(More)
A method is presented for calculating the stress relaxation due to scission in elastomeric components that operate at a fixed deformation while at an elevated temperature. A relationship is established between stresses at different temperatures that is called the correspondence principle for scission/healing materials. Two examples involving cylinders(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: Abstract When an elastomeric material is deformed and subjected to temperatures above(More)
The elastomeric materials used in tires are frequently subjected to severe thermal, chemical and mechanical stress conditions. These conditions produce significant changes in material properties that affect their service life. The prediction of service life has become an increasingly important part of the engineering design process, and there is a need for(More)
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