Alan William Baird

Learn More
The aim of this work was to establish a new, simplified in vitro model of the human M-cell. Cocultures of physically separated human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells and B-cell lymphoma Raji cells were established. The cocultures were characterized under the criteria of morphology, integrity, expression of M-cell markers and cell adhesion molecules(More)
Objective and design: This study aimed to determine if mucosal expression of the chemokines IL-8, RANTES and MCP-1 and the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNFα and IL-6 are elevated in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.¶Materials and subjects: Intestinal mucosa samples were obtained at the time of surgical resection, n=16 from each of the following(More)
To examine whether myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) inhibitors can reduce intestinal epithelial permeability increases in vitro. Isolated rat, mouse and human colonic tissue mucosae and Caco-2 monolayers were exposed to cytochalasin D (cD) and sodium caprate (C10), in the absence and presence of the MLCK inhibitors, ML-9 and D PIK. Transepithelial(More)
Facilitative UT-B urea transporters enable the passage of urea across cell membranes. Gastrointestinal urea transporters are thought to play a significant role in the urea nitrogen salvaging process that occurs between mammalian hosts and their gut bacteria. This study investigated the expression of UT-B urea transporters in different segments of human(More)
The potent neurokinin receptor 1 (NK1) antagonist SR-140333 has previously been shown to reduce castor oil-induced secretion in animal models. The importance of tachykinins in neuroimmune control of secretion and the effect of SR-140333 on key points in this pathway were elucidated in the present study to determine the type of intestinal dysfunction best(More)
Epithelia play important immunological roles at a variety of mucosal sites. We examined NFkappaB activity in control and TNF-alpha treated bovine mammary epithelial monolayers (BME-UV cells). A region of the bovine IL-8 (bIL-8) promoter was sequenced and a putative kappaB consensus sequence was identified bioinformatically. We used this sequence to analyse(More)
Intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is an important member of the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF) of proteins that is centrally involved in trafficking of leukocytes to endothelial and epithelial barriers. This review will first outline the traditional role of ICAM-1 in regulating leukocyte trafficking across the endothelium. It will then deal(More)
Histamine, added to the basolateral side of voltage clamped human colon in vitro, induced a rapid onset, transient inward short circuit current which was concentration dependent over the range 0.01-3 mM. This response was largely due to electrogenic chloride section since it was virtually abolished by bumetanide or by chloride replacement in the bathing(More)
1. Using a number of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-antagonists we have compared their activity against the chloride-secretory response in guinea-pig ileal and colonic epithelia when challenged with 5-HT or antigen. Guinea-pigs sensitized to beta-lactoglobulin (beta LG) were used throughout; these were obtained by providing animals with cows' milk for drinking.(More)
Specialized M cells in the follicle-associated epithelium of intestinal Peyer's patches serve as portals for diverse particulates. Following antigen handover to dome lymphocytes, a protective mucosal antibody secretion ensues. One approach to oral vaccine delivery is to mimic the entry pathways of pathogens via M cells. The paucity of human tissue for in(More)