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The competence of the immune system of the developing fetus to act as a barrier to in utero hematopoietic-cell transplantation (IUHCT) has been a source of debate. Until now, comparisons of allogeneic and congenic engraftment have been inconclusive due to methodologic limitations resulting in minimal and inefficient engraftment. In this study, E14 fetal(More)
Hemophilia B is an X-linked coagulopathy caused by absence of functional coagulation factor IX (F.IX). Previously, we established an experimental basis for gene transfer as a method of treating the disease in mice and hemophilic dogs through intramuscular injection of a recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vector expressing F.IX. In this study we(More)
A potential consequence of systemic administration of viral vectors is the inadvertent introduction of foreign DNA into recipient germ cells. To evaluate the safety of in vivo recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) mediated gene transfer approaches for hemophilia B, we explored the risk of germline transmission of vector sequences following intramuscular(More)
Pre-clinical studies in mice and haemophilic dogs have shown that introduction of an adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector encoding blood coagulation factor IX (FIX) into skeletal muscle results in sustained expression of F.IX at levels sufficient to correct the haemophilic phenotype. On the basis of these data and additional pre-clinical studies(More)
The prevention of human neural tube defects by folic acid administration and the potential for fetal surgical intervention for myelomeningocele (MMC) have renewed interest in the molecular pathways and pathophysiology of spina bifida. Animal models for assessment of the early developmental biology and pathophysiology of this lesion are needed. The goal of(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The rationale for in utero repair of myelomeningocele has been supported experimentally by the observation of preserved neural function after prenatal closure of surgically created defects compared with nonrepaired controls. The mechanism of injury to the exposed neural elements is unknown. Postulated mechanisms include trauma to the(More)
PURPOSE AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Neuroblastoma (NB) is a common pediatric solid tumor that exhibits a striking clinical bipolarity: favorable and unfavorable. Favorable NB genes (EPHB6, EFNB2, EFNB3, NTRK1, and CD44) are genes whose high-level expression predicts favorable NB outcome, and forced expression of these genes inhibits growth of unfavorable NB(More)
Transplantation of normal, immature, fetal hematopoietic cells into a preimmune fetal recipient with a congenital hemoglobinopathy may allow partial reconstitution of normal hemoglobin production without the complications associated with postnatal bone marrow transplantation (immunosuppression and the occurrence of graft versus host disease). In order to(More)
A number of recent studies show that activation of CR3 on dendritic cells (DCs) suppresses TLR-induced TNF-alpha and IL-12 production and inhibits effective Ag presentation. Although the proposed physiologic role for these phenomena is immune suppression due to recognition of iC3b opsonized apoptotic cells by CR3, all of the aforementioned investigations(More)