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Conidial pigmentation is involved in protection against heat and UV radiation in several fungal species. In this study, we compare the tolerance of 17 color mutants of wild-type ARSEF 23 plus 13 color mutants of wild-type ARSEF 2575 of Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae to wet-heat and UV-B or simulated-solar radiation. The stress tolerance of each(More)
In unbudded cells of the anther smut fungus Ustilago violacea there is a dome-shaped spindle-pole body (SPB) consisting of a core 0.1 mum in diameter surrounded by a ribosome-free region 0.3-0.4 mum in diameter lying in a pocket of the nuclear membrane. After budding the nucleus moves towards the bud and begins to rotate rapidly. At about this stage the SPB(More)
We confirmed that the melanin produced by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a dihydroxynaphthalene (DHN). The specific DHN melanogenesis inhibitor test that uses tricyclazole at low levels (typically 2-5 ppm) to cause a confirmatory appearance of soluble red-brown inhibition products does not work when analyzing melanin synthesis in the sclerotia of S.(More)
Silver-staining procedures were investigated for their effectiveness in identifying cell wall-based fungal melanins in live and fixed plastic embedded samples, particularly 1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene (DHN) based polyketide melanins. We developed a simple and reliable melanin-staining technique based on a silver accumulation method originally published for(More)
Fungal fimbriae are surface appendages that were first described on the haploid cells of the smut fungus, Microbotryum violaceum. They are long (1-20 microm), narrow (7 nm) flexuous structures that have been implicated in cellular functions such as mating and pathogenesis. Since the initial description, numerous fungi from all five phyla have been shown to(More)
Flocculent strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and S. carlsbergensis (S. uvarum) produced many short (0.5 mum) hairs (fimbriae) on the outer cell walls. Non-flocculent strains produce few fimbriae. Cells that are flocculent in wort but not in defined medium produce fimbriae only in the former medium. Cells treated with pronase lose both their fimbriae and(More)