Alan W . Cross

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BACKGROUND Few evaluations of school health programs measure academic outcomes. K-12 education needs evidence for academic achievement to implement school programs. This article presents a systematic review of the literature to examine evidence that school health programs aligned with the Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) model improve academic(More)
The relationships between selected child health outcomes and programmatic interventions using home visitors are analyzed. The following features of seven programs are systematically reported: program characteristics; description of the home visitors; program objectives, sample size, and research design; outcome measures and reported data. A number of issues(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to identify characteristics of high-risk pregnant women that predicted long-term participation in a home visitation program. METHODS Data regarding sociodemographic characteristics, perceived needs, psychological functioning, substance use, and informal social support were collected prospectively from 152 short-term and 221(More)
This study compared two groups of high-risk Medicaid-eligible mothers, 221 who participated in a maternal home visitation program and 198 who did not, to determine whether program participation was associated with improvements in the mothers' psychological functioning 1 year after delivery, and whether these improvements were associated with the type and(More)
This pilot study used medical records to examine the health outcomes of children receiving care in Medicaid's Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) program. Medical records from 76 children seen for EPSDT visits during a 6-month period were reviewed to assess whether health problems were identified and whether treatment, follow-up,(More)
The analysis of infant mortality data provides an opportunity for developing preventive strategies to improve this indicator of a population's health. All infant deaths in North Carolina during a 5-year period (1980 through 1984) were analyzed using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision (ICD-9), and a system for linked birth and death(More)
A case of a patient with angina who was considered for coronary bypass surgery illustrates the issue of informed consent. Ethical and legal aspects and the inherent limitations of achieving consent must be considered. Physicians may have personal biases, which may lead to coerced consent, or may overwhelm the patient with information on potential(More)
The relative importance of selected developmental, medical, and social factors in assessing a child's early academic potential was evaluated prospectively in a rural southern school district. Two hundred and ten (210) preschoolers were given the Sprigle School Readiness Screening Test (SSRST) and the Beery Test of Visual Motor Integration (VMI) while(More)