Learn More
Despite its importance in community psychology, the stress process is still viewed primarily as an individual-level phenomenon, little research being conducted on the dynamics of stress in a social system such as the family. Propositions derived from a model of family stress were tested using data from a cross-sectional survey of family triads (father,(More)
The study examined life change in relation to self-reported involvement in five specific types of crime and delinquency among members of a noninstitutionalized sample. A group of 531 in-school youths, age 14 to 19, were asked to report how frequently in the 6 months since school started they had performed each of 26 criminal or delinquent acts and how many(More)
Peer communication patterns were assessed as school-aged boys participated in a dyadic referential communication task. The responses of comparison boys were compared to those of hyperactive boys on methylphenidate (Ritalin) and on placebo in a double-blind crossover design. 2 separate systems for assessing communication were developed, a qualitative system(More)
The U.S. President's Commission on Mental Health (1978) has called for a broader conception of mental health and the factors that influence it. The “macro”-social environment is emerging as one area of concern. The influence of two macroenvironmental domains, the physical and economic, on several areas of human functioning is documented in this article.(More)
Two hundred and five male college students were administered a number of self-report questionnaires to assess the role of social drinking in their social support processes. Results indicated that the quantity and frequency of social drinking was positively related to seven of the ten social support variables associated with male social network members, but(More)
Most research on health and behavioral outcomes of stressors has focused on adults. One stressor identified in this literature is lack of "fit," or congruence, between individual needs and environmental opportunities. This study examines relations between person-environment congruence in three settings (home, school, and peer group) and several indices of(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychosocial factors and subjective well-being among rural elderly persons. A broad range of psychosocial factors (such as mastery, social support, and perceived health) and measures of well-being (such as positive and negative affect and life satisfaction) were employed in bivariate(More)
Research on adolescents has ignored a setting in which significant numbers of young people spend significant amounts of time: the workplace. The increasing participation of high school students in the part-time labor force raises a number of questions about the impact of such employment on family and peer relations. Questionnaire data from a descriptive(More)
  • A Vaux
  • American journal of community psychology
  • 1991
A support intervention by Heller et al. (1991) sought to improve the well-being of elderly women by providing friendly telephone contact with staff or peers. The failure of this thoughtful and carefully implemented intervention serves to highlight the difficulty of designing support interventions. Several lessons are discussed regarding the complexity of(More)
  • 1