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A version of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), termed degenerate oligonucleotide-primed PCR (DOP-PCR), which employs oligonucleotides of partially degenerate sequence, has been developed for genome mapping studies. This degeneracy, together with a PCR protocol utilizing a low initial annealing temperature, ensures priming from multiple (e.g.,(More)
Research into late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins has been ongoing for more than 20 years but, although there is a strong association of LEA proteins with abiotic stress tolerance particularly dehydration and cold stress, for most of that time, their function has been entirely obscure. After their initial discovery in plant seeds, three major groups(More)
A novel polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique has been combined with chromosome flow sorting to characterise two lymphoblastoid cell lines and one medullary thyroid carcinoma cell line carrying translocations close to the locus for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A). Five hundred copies of the derivative chromosome(s) were flow sorted from(More)
Trehalose, a disaccharide present in many non-mammalian species, protects cells against various environmental stresses. Whereas some of the protective effects may be explained by its chemical chaperone properties, its actions are largely unknown. Here we report a novel function of trehalose as an mTOR-independent autophagy activator. Trehalose-induced(More)
LEA (late embryogenesis abundant) proteins in both plants and animals are associated with tolerance to water stress resulting from desiccation and cold shock. However, although various functions of LEA proteins have been proposed, their precise role has not been defined. Recent bioinformatics studies suggest that LEA proteins might behave as molecular(More)
Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins are associated with desiccation tolerance in resurrection plants and in plant seeds, and the recent discovery of a dehydration-induced Group 3 LEA-like gene in the nematode Aphelenchus avenae suggests a similar association in anhydrobiotic animals. Despite their importance, little is known about the structure of(More)
Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas putida dried in hydroxyectoine or trehalose are shown to be highly resistant to the organic solvents chloroform and acetone, and consequently, they can be encapsulated in a viable form in solid plastic materials. Bacteria are recovered by rehydration after physical disruption of the plastic. P. putida incorporated into a(More)
The susceptibility loci for the three multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2 syndromes have been mapped to the region of chromosome 10q11.2 containing the RET proto-oncogene, which codes for a receptor tyrosine kinase. The majority of MEN 2A and familial medullary thyroid carcinoma results from missense mutations within one of five cysteine codons in the(More)
Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins are produced in maturing seeds and anhydrobiotic plants, animals and microorganisms, in which their expression correlates with desiccation tolerance. However, their function has remained obscure for 20 years. We argue that novel computational tools devised for non-globular proteins might now overcome this problem.(More)
Anhydrobiotic engineering aims to increase the level of desiccation tolerance in sensitive organisms to that observed in true anhydrobiotes. In addition to a suitable extracellular drying excipient, a key factor for anhydrobiotic engineering of gram-negative enterobacteria seems to be the generation of high intracellular concentrations of the nonreducing(More)