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Recent studies indicate that maximal IL-8 protein expression requires activation of NF-kappaB as well as activation of the MAP kinases ERK, JNK, and p38. However, the precise relationship between NF-kappaB transactivation and MAP kinase activation remains unclear. We examined the requirements of NF-kappaB, ERK, JNK, and p38 for TNF-alpha-induced(More)
Ligation of the asialoGM1 Pseudomonas aeruginosa pilin receptor has been demonstrated to induce IL-8 expression in airway epithelial cells via an NF-kappaB-dependent pathway. We examined the signaling pathways required for asialoGM1-mediated NF-kappaB activation in IB3 cells, a human bronchial epithelial cell line derived from a cystic fibrosis (CF)(More)
Tracheal aspirate IL-8 concentration and airway epithelial cell IL-8 expression are each increased in premature infants undergoing mechanical ventilation. We sought to determine the cytokines responsible for IL-8 expression in this context. Tracheal aspirates were collected from 18 mechanically ventilated premature infants. IL-8 protein abundance was high(More)
Rhinovirus (RV), a member of the Picornaviridae family, accounts for many virus-induced asthma exacerbations. RV induces airway cell chemokine expression both in vivo and in vitro. Because of the known interactions of proteases with cellular functions, we hypothesized that RV 3C protease is sufficient for cytokine up-regulation. A cDNA encoding RV16 3C(More)
Human bronchial epithelial cell pro-inflammatory molecule expression plays a role in the pathogenesis of airway diseases. We hypothesize that Yersinia outer protein-J (YopJ), a Yersinia virulence effector which inhibits mitogen activated protein (MAP) kinase kinases (MKKs), attenuates epithelial cell pro-inflammatory molecule expression. 16HBE14o-cells were(More)
Tracheal aspirate IL-8 concentration and airway epithelial cell IL-8 expression are each increased in premature infants undergoing mechanical ventilation. We sought to determine the cytokines responsible for IL-8 expression in this context. Tracheal aspirates were collected from 18 mechanically ventilated premature infants. IL-8 protein abundance was high(More)
In 16HBE14o- human bronchial epithelial cells, maximal tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced interleukin (IL)-8 expression depends on the activation of two distinct signaling pathways, one constituted in part by activator protein (AP)-1 and the other by nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB. We examined the upstream signaling intermediates responsible for IL-8 and(More)
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