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Experience with Marine Protected Area Planning and Management in the Philippines
Marine protected areas were established in the Philippines as early as 1974. These early models on Sumilon and Apo Islands and others set forth a framework for coral reef management that has been
Marine reserve benefits local fisheries
The utility of no-take marine reserves as fisheries-management tools is controversial. It is hypothesized that marine reserves will help to sustain fisheries external to them by becoming net
Capacity shortfalls hinder the performance of marine protected areas globally
TLDR
It is reported that many MPAs failed to meet thresholds for effective and equitable management processes, with widespread shortfalls in staff and financial resources; continued global expansion of MPAs without adequate investment in human and financial capacity is likely to lead to sub-optimal conservation outcomes.
Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas in the Philippines for Biodiversity Conservation
TLDR
It is found that the current extent and distribution of MPAs does not adequately represent biodiversity, and it is recommended that implementation of community-based MPAs be supplemented by designation of additional large no-take areas specifically located to address conservation targets.
Toward developing a complete understanding: A social science research agenda for marine protected areas
Although many types of MPAs exist—including reserves, sanctuaries, and parks—each involves a group of people collectively engaged in decision-making and most MPAs have both biological and social
Scaling Up to Networks of Marine Protected Areas in the Philippines: Biophysical, Legal, Institutional, and Social Considerations
The growing number of marine protected areas (MPAs) globally represents an increasing interest in marine conservation and fisheries management and the potential of planned and managed MPA networks as
Healing small-scale fisheries by facilitating complex socio-ecological systems
The current global fisheries crises have immense implications for the health and viability of animal populations, as well as the ecosystems and habitats that support this biodiversity. These crises
Collaborative and community-based management of coral reefs : lessons from experience
Demonstrates how effective coral reef management is achieved only with the participation, cooperation, sensitivity, and commitment of the community.
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