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A series of substituted chalcones was synthesised and screened for cytotoxic activity against the K562 human leukaemia cell line. (E)-3-(3"-Hydroxy-4"-methoxyphenyl)-2-methyl-1-(3',4',5'- trimethoxyphenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one [IC50 (K562) 0.21 nM] was found to be the most active. A relationship between the conformation and cytotoxicity of the chalcones is(More)
The effect of ifosfamide and its metabolites on intracellular levels of glutathione in P388 cells in vitro has been studied. It is demonstrated that glutathione depletion occurs only in the presence of 4-hydroperoxyifosfamide and chloroacetaldehyde. In contrast isophosphoramide mustard had no effect on glutathione levels in intact cells. The concentration(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic cytokine, and various inhibitory agents, including specific antibodies, have been developed to block VEGF-stimulated angiogenesis. We developed HuMV833, a humanized version of a mouse monoclonal anti-VEGF antibody (MV833) that has antitumor activity against a number of human tumor(More)
PURPOSE Heparan sulfate proteoglycans have been implicated in cancer cell growth, invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis. This study was designed to compare their expression in normal ovary and ovarian tumors and then to examine their prognostic significance in ovarian cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expression of syndecan-1, -2, -3, and -4, glypican-1,(More)
A Yoshida sarcoma cell line (YR/cyclo) showing decreased sensitivity to metabolically activated cyclophosphamide in vitro has been shown to be cross-resistant to phosphoramide mustard, the ultimate alkylating agent formed from cyclophosphamide. Resistance to these alkylating agents has been shown to be associated with increased activity of the glutathione(More)
Tubulin is the biochemical target for several clinically used anticancer drugs, including paclitaxel and the vinca alkaloids vincristine and vinblastine. This review describes both the natural and synthetic agents which are known to interact with tubulin. Syntheses of the more complex agents are referenced and the potential clinical use of the compounds is(More)
The anti-tumour effects and mechanism of action of combretastatin A-4 and its prodrug, combretastatin A-4 disodium phosphate, were examined in subcutaneous and orthotopically transplanted experimental colon tumour models. Additionally, the ability of these compounds to directly interfere with endothelial cell behaviour was also examined in HUVEC cultures.(More)
The glutathione contents, glutathione S-transferase activities and metallothionein contents have been measured in a series of L1210 cell lines which show decreased sensitivities to platinum drugs. Resistance to cisplatinum cisDDP, cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II)] and chip [ioproplatin, cisdichloro-bis-isopropylamine-trans dihydroxy platinum IV] was found(More)
Busulfan (1,4-butanediol dimethanesulfonate, BU) is relatively unique among other standard chemotherapy compounds in its ability to deplete noncycling primitive stem cells in the host and consequently to allow for high levels of long-term, donor-type engraftment after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Such a property explains why this drug can be used as(More)
The intracellular accumulation of daunorubicin as determined by flow cytometry correlates well with that as determined by extraction of the drug from cell homogenates. Two P388 mouse leukaemia cell lines showing differential sensitivity to the drug have been used to investigate the transport changes associated with resistance. Resistance to daunorubicin in(More)