Alan T. McGown

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Tubulin is the biochemical target for several clinically used anticancer drugs, including paclitaxel and the vinca alkaloids vincristine and vinblastine. This review describes both the natural and synthetic agents which are known to interact with tubulin. Syntheses of the more complex agents are referenced and the potential clinical use of the compounds is(More)
PURPOSE Heparan sulfate proteoglycans have been implicated in cancer cell growth, invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis. This study was designed to compare their expression in normal ovary and ovarian tumors and then to examine their prognostic significance in ovarian cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expression of syndecan-1, -2, -3, and -4, glypican-1,(More)
A series of substituted chalcones was synthesised and screened for cytotoxic activity against the K562 human leukaemia cell line. (E)-3-(3"-Hydroxy-4"-methoxyphenyl)-2-methyl-1-(3',4',5'- trimethoxyphenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one [IC50 (K562) 0.21 nM] was found to be the most active. A relationship between the conformation and cytotoxicity of the chalcones is(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic cytokine, and various inhibitory agents, including specific antibodies, have been developed to block VEGF-stimulated angiogenesis. We developed HuMV833, a humanized version of a mouse monoclonal anti-VEGF antibody (MV833) that has antitumor activity against a number of human tumor(More)
Busulfan (1,4-butanediol dimethanesulfonate, BU) is relatively unique among other standard chemotherapy compounds in its ability to deplete noncycling primitive stem cells in the host and consequently to allow for high levels of long-term, donor-type engraftment after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Such a property explains why this drug can be used as(More)
A high-yielding, two-step stereoselective synthesis of the anticancer drug (Z)-combretastatin A-4 (1) has been devised. The method uses the Perkin condensation of 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylacetic acid and 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde followed by decarboxylation of the cinnamic acid intermediate using copper and quinoline. The iodine-catalyzed isomerization(More)
The effect of ifosfamide and its metabolites on intracellular levels of glutathione in P388 cells in vitro has been studied. It is demonstrated that glutathione depletion occurs only in the presence of 4-hydroperoxyifosfamide and chloroacetaldehyde. In contrast isophosphoramide mustard had no effect on glutathione levels in intact cells. The concentration(More)
The anti-tumour effects and mechanism of action of combretastatin A-4 and its prodrug, combretastatin A-4 disodium phosphate, were examined in subcutaneous and orthotopically transplanted experimental colon tumour models. Additionally, the ability of these compounds to directly interfere with endothelial cell behaviour was also examined in HUVEC cultures.(More)
A Yoshida sarcoma cell line (YR/cyclo) showing decreased sensitivity to metabolically activated cyclophosphamide in vitro has been shown to be cross-resistant to phosphoramide mustard, the ultimate alkylating agent formed from cyclophosphamide. Resistance to these alkylating agents has been shown to be associated with increased activity of the glutathione(More)
A series of stilbenes, based on combretastatin A-4, were synthesised. A structure-activity study was carried out to characterise the interaction of these agents with tubulin. The substitution of small alkyl substituents for the 4'-methoxy group of combretastatin A-4 and the loss of the 3'-hydroxyl group does not have a major effect on the interaction with(More)