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Tubulin is the biochemical target for several clinically used anticancer drugs, including paclitaxel and the vinca alkaloids vincristine and vinblastine. This review describes both the natural and synthetic agents which are known to interact with tubulin. Syntheses of the more complex agents are referenced and the potential clinical use of the compounds is(More)
Busulfan (1,4-butanediol dimethanesulfonate, BU) is relatively unique among other standard chemotherapy compounds in its ability to deplete noncycling primitive stem cells in the host and consequently to allow for high levels of long-term, donor-type engraftment after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Such a property explains why this drug can be used as(More)
There have been many reports that high soya-based diets reduce the risk of certain types of cancer. This effect may be due to the presence of high levels of isoflavones derived from the soya bean, particularly genistein which has been shown to be a protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitor and have both oestrogenic and anti-oestrogenic properties. We have(More)
A high-yielding, two-step stereoselective synthesis of the anticancer drug (Z)-combretastatin A-4 (1) has been devised. The method uses the Perkin condensation of 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylacetic acid and 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde followed by decarboxylation of the cinnamic acid intermediate using copper and quinoline. The iodine-catalyzed isomerization(More)
The glutathione contents, glutathione S-transferase activities and metallothionein contents have been measured in a series of L1210 cell lines which show decreased sensitivities to platinum drugs. Resistance to cisplatinum cisDDP, cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II)] and chip [ioproplatin, cisdichloro-bis-isopropylamine-trans dihydroxy platinum IV] was found(More)
The intracellular accumulation of daunorubicin as determined by flow cytometry correlates well with that as determined by extraction of the drug from cell homogenates. Two P388 mouse leukaemia cell lines showing differential sensitivity to the drug have been used to investigate the transport changes associated with resistance. Resistance to daunorubicin in(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is a potent angiogenic cytokine that is dependent on heparan sulfate for its biological activity. We have investigated the relationship among heparan sulfate, FGF-2, and the signal-transducing receptors in human, advanced-stage, serous ovarian adenocarcinoma. Using a unique molecular probe, FR1c-Ap, which consisted of a(More)
PURPOSE Heparan sulfate proteoglycans have been implicated in cancer cell growth, invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis. This study was designed to compare their expression in normal ovary and ovarian tumors and then to examine their prognostic significance in ovarian cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The expression of syndecan-1, -2, -3, and -4, glypican-1,(More)
Microtubules are intracellular organelles formed from the protein tubulin. These organelles have a number of essential cellular functions including chromosome segregation, the maintenance of cell shape, transport, motility, and organelle distribution. Drugs that affect the tubulin-microtubule equilibrium (taxol, vinca alkaloids) are effective anticancer(More)