Alan T Kaell

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In a previous study, the authors found that structured writing about stressful events improved symptomatology in 112 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and asthma relative to patients who did not write (J. Smyth, A. Stone, A. Hurewitz, & A. Kaell, 1999). However, little is currently known about the pathways from the intervention to alterations in outcomes.(More)
Laboratory studies and investigations of patients undergoing painful procedures have compared recalled pain to an average of multiple momentary reports taken throughout the painful experience. This work has shown that recalled ratings of pain are more closely associated with a combination of peak pain and pain proximal to the recall ratings than an average(More)
Several studies of experimental and acute clinical pain have indicated reactive effects of self-assessment on pain intensity and tolerance. A recent study of chronic pain patients (vonBaeyer 1994), however, failed to show these effects. The present investigation sought to determine whether reactive effects can be produced in chronic pain patients by an(More)
The incubation period of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection was studied in a family of five in which vertical and heterosexual transmission occurred from one index case. This investigation documented incubation periods of longer than 12 years in a mother and her daughter; although neither has symptoms, both are definitely infected and(More)
Patient reported outcomes (PROs) play an essential role in clinical trials, though questions have been raised about the accuracy of PROs using long recall periods. This paper examines the utility of a PRO employing a single momentary assessment of pain in a sample of community rheumatology patients. We explore the accuracy and reliability of a single(More)
A multisite, randomized, controlled clinical effectiveness trial was conducted for osteoarthritis patients with chronic pain of the knee or hip. Adult health nurse practitioners provided a 10-session intervention, pain coping skills training (PCST), in patients' doctors' offices (N=129 patients); the control group received usual care (N=127 patients).(More)
To investigate outcome and pathophysiology of central nervous system (CNS) systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we prospectively codified all cases of CNS SLE. Eighty-two events occurred in 71 patients. Four events in four patients were due to infection and were excluded. Twelve events occurred in 11 women with positive antinuclear antibody but negative(More)
Moderator analyses are reported for posttreatment outcomes in a large, randomized, controlled effectiveness trial for chronic pain for hip and knee osteoarthritis (N = 256). Pain Coping Skills Training, a form of cognitive behavioral therapy, was compared to usual care. Treatment was delivered by nurse practitioners in patients' community doctors' offices.(More)
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