Alan Searleman

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The Mueller-Lyer (ML) illusion has been used to study the way in which perceived length is affected by processes of information extraction when a visual target of interest (the ML shaft) is surrounded by other nontarget figural elements (inward-or outward-turning wings). It is argued that the perception of length is computed in terms of the center of(More)
Reviews the literature examining the relationship between birth order, birth stress, and lateral preferences in nonclinical samples, with special emphasis on reports since 1971. The review found no evidence to relate birth order position to deviations from right-sidedness for either sex. More direct measures of birth stress indicated that deviations from(More)
  • A Searleman
  • Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the…
  • 1980
The present study investigated the usefulness of a variety of subject variables that have been proposed as having predictive value for determining cerebral organization for language. To accomplish this, a total of 373 subjects (117 left-handers and 256 right-handers) were given 240 trials of a consonant-vowel dichotic listening task to assess direction and(More)
Claims have been made that left-handedness often arises from pathological causes, and that owing to this underlying pathology, the presence of sinistrality may entail disadvantages for both the length and quality of life. A prime implication of these claims is that left-handers, as a group, should display signs of poorer fitness than right-handers. This(More)
The current study compared the performances of pregnant women with education- and age-matched controls on a variety of measures that assessed perceptual speed, short-term and working memory capacity, subjective memory complaints, sleep quality, level of fatigue, executive functioning, episodic and prospective memory, and crystallized and fluid intelligence.(More)
This study tested the theory that left-handedness is associated with certain disorders that may have an autoimmune aetiology. To accomplish this, we compared the handedness patterns of people with either Type I or Type II diabetes, Crohn's disease, or ulcerative colitis with a normal control group. Consistent with earlier findings, a significantly higher(More)
The hypothesis that familial sinistrality (FS) might be a useful variable for differentiating between pathological and natural left-handers was explored. A comparison of the incidence of FS in mentally retarded and nonretarded samples indicated that a positive history of familial sinistrality (FS+) was significantly more likely to occur in mildly retarded(More)
Rigidity is one of the oldest psychological constructs, with systematic research dating back to the late 19th century. The authors review this research in an attempt to clarify the construct of rigidity and to investigate its correlates. Rigidity is described as a multidimensional construct encompassing the tendency to form and perseverate in the use of(More)