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An epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) began in Foshan municipality, Guangdong Province, China, in November 2002. We studied SARS case reports through April 30, 2003, including data from case investigations and a case series analysis of index cases. A total of 1,454 clinically confirmed cases (and 55 deaths) occurred; the epidemic peak was(More)
China holds the key to solving many questions crucial to global control of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The disease appears to have originated in Guangdong Province, and the causative agent, SARS coronavirus, is likely to have originated from an animal host, perhaps sold in public markets. Epidemiologic findings, integral to defining an(More)
Ten provinces of China were selected to estimate the cost per immunization of the 1994-95 national immunization days (NIDs) at five levels (e.g. province, prefecture, county, township and village). Personnel costs accounted for the largest overall share of costs (39 per cent), followed by publicity and promotion costs (27 per cent), and logistic costs (15(More)
Polio eradication activities in the Western Pacific Region (WPR) have reduced the transmission of wild poliovirus to one remaining focus of endemic transmission in the Mekong Delta area of South Vietnam and Cambodia. There has been a high level of government commitment for national immunization days in all WPR countries in which poliomyelitis was previously(More)
A multitiered network of polio laboratories, consisting of specialized reference laboratories, regional reference laboratories, national laboratories and, in the case of China, provincial laboratories, was established in the Western Pacific Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1992. The network currently consists of 43 laboratories within the(More)
Experience with national immunization days (NIDs) in six countries of the Western Pacific Region has shown that political support at all levels, detailed logistics plans, strategies appropriate to the local situation, and simple social mobilization messages have been key factors in the success of NIDs. Conventional strategies that may apply to conducting(More)
By the year 2000 half the population in the world is expected to reside in large urban areas. "Improving immunization services to the disadvantaged in urban areas" is considered one of the priorities for the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI). A review of the current situation with regard to immunization coverage and disease surveillance in urban(More)
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