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PURPOSE Pemetrexed is an antimetabolite that is structurally similar to methotrexate. Because nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) impair methotrexate clearance and increase its toxicity, we evaluated the pharmacokinetics and toxicity of pemetrexed when coadministered with aspirin or ibuprofen in advanced cancer patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In(More)
The effect of spinal cord trauma on the vasculature and blood flow of the spinal cord is reviewed. Both quantitative and nonquantitative studies are critically discussed and reasons sought for some of the major controversies that have arisen. Differences in methodology, species variation, and variation in the degree and type of cord injury may all be(More)
BACKGROUND Risk factors of delayed extubation, prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS), and mortality have not been studied for patients administered fast-track cardiac anesthesia (FTCA). The authors' goals were to determine risk factors of outcomes and cardiac risk scores (CRS) for CABG patients undergoing FTCA. METHODS Consecutive CABG(More)
Ketamine hydrochloride is a well known general anesthetic and short acting analgesic in use for almost 3 decades. The role of the NMDA receptor in the processing of nociceptive input has led naturally to renewed clinical interest in N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists such as ketamine. This paper reviews the use and efficacy of low-dose(More)
Spinal cord blood flow (SCBF) was measured in 24 rhesus monkeys after injury to the cord produced by the inflatable circumferential extradural cuff technique. Measurement of regional blood flow in the white and gray matter of the cord in areas of 0.1 sq mm was achieved with the 14C-antipyrine autoradiographic technique and a scanning microscope photometer.(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that high dose systemic alfentanil administered before and during abdominal hysterectomy would pre-empt post-operative pain to a greater extent than administration of either low dose alfentanil or no alfentanil perioperatively. Patients (ASA 1 or 2) were randomly assigned to group 1 (n = 15), no opioid; group 2 (n = 15), low(More)
The present study tested the hypothesis that patients receiving epidural bupivacaine before surgery would require less morphine postoperatively and/or report less intense pain than patients receiving epidural bupivacaine after incision but before the end of surgery. Forty-two patients (ASA class I-III) scheduled for lower abdominal surgery were randomly(More)
Treatment decisions for the use of opioid analgesics in chronic non-malignant pain are based primarily on survey data, as evidence from well-controlled clinical trials has been lacking. Forty-six patients with chronic non-malignant pain were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of controlled-release (CR) codeine. Following a(More)
The field of spinal cord blood flow (SCBF) is reviewed. The methodology currently being used to evaluate SCBF is critically analyzed. The review demonstrates that there is a paucity of reliable quantitative measurements of SCBF. The effects of arterial pCO2, pO2 and blood pressure variations as well as the effects of several pharmacological agents on SCBF(More)
Bevacizumab is a recombinant, humanized monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor. Erlotinib HCl is a reversible, highly selective epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Additionally, both agents have shown benefit in patients with previously treated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Preclinical data in xenograft(More)