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Changes in cortical activity during working memory tasks were examined with electroencephalograms (EEGs) sampled from 115 channels and spatially sharpened with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based finite element deblurring. Eight subjects performed tasks requiring comparison of each stimulus to a preceding one on verbal or spatial attributes. A frontal(More)
The capacity to deliberately control attention in order to hold and manipulate information in working memory is critical to higher cognitive functions. This suggests that between-subject differences in general cognitive ability might be related to observable differences in the activity of brain systems that support working memory and attention control. To(More)
To examine how neurophysiological signals of working memory (WM) change with normal aging, we recorded EEGs from healthy groups (n=10 each) of young (mean age=21 years), middle-aged (mean=47 years), and older (mean=69 years) adults. EEGs were recorded while subjects performed easy and difficult versions of a spatial WM task. Groups were matched for IQ(More)
We assessed working memory load during computer use with neural network pattern recognition applied to EEG spectral features. Eight participants performed high-, moderate-, and low-load working memory tasks. Frontal theta EEG activity increased and alpha activity decreased with increasing load. These changes probably reflect task difficulty-related(More)
By means of two-stage, nonlinear multivariate pattern recognition, electroencephalograms (EEG's) were analyzed during performance of verbal and spatial tasks. Complex scalp distributions of theta-, beta-, and, to a lesser extent, alpha-band spectral intensities discriminated between the two members of a pair of tasks, such as writing sentences and Koh's(More)
High resolution evoked potentials (EPs), sampled from 115 channels and spatially sharpened with the finite element deblurring method, were recorded from 8 subjects during working memory (WM) and control tasks. The tasks required matching each stimulus with a preceding stimulus on either verbal or spatial attributes. All stimuli elicited a central P200(More)
Working memory (WM), the ability to briefly retain and manipulate information in mind, is central to intelligent behavior. Here we take advantage of the high temporal resolution of electrophysiological measures to obtain a millisecond timescale view of the activity induced in distributed cortical networks by tasks that impose significant WM demands. We(More)
Event-related covariance (ERC) patterns were computed from pre-stimulus and feedback intervals of a bimanual, visuomotor judgment task performed by 7 right-handed men. Late contingent negative variation (CNV) ERC patterns that preceded subsequently accurate right- or left-hand responses differed from patterns that preceded subsequently inaccurate responses.(More)
Working memory (WM), the ability to momentarily maintain information in an active state, is central to higher cognitive functions. The processes involved in WM operate on a sub-second timescale, and thus evoked potential measures have an appropriate temporal resolution for studying them. In the experiment reported here, evoked potential covariances (EPC)(More)
Animal electrocorticogram (ECoG) studies have shown that spatial patterns in the gamma band (>20 Hz) reflect perceptual categorization. Spatio-temporal correlations were investigated in the 20-50 Hz range in search for similar phenomena in human ECoG. ECoGs were recorded in a somatosensory discrimination task from 64-electrode subdural grid arrays, with(More)