Alan S. Gevins

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Changes in cortical activity during working memory tasks were examined with electroencephalograms (EEGs) sampled from 115 channels and spatially sharpened with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based finite element deblurring. Eight subjects performed tasks requiring comparison of each stimulus to a preceding one on verbal or spatial attributes. A frontal(More)
The capacity to deliberately control attention in order to hold and manipulate information in working memory is critical to higher cognitive functions. This suggests that between-subject differences in general cognitive ability might be related to observable differences in the activity of brain systems that support working memory and attention control. To(More)
We assessed working memory load during computer use with neural network pattern recognition applied to EEG spectral features. Eight participants performed high-, moderate-, and low-load working memory tasks. Frontal theta EEG activity increased and alpha activity decreased with increasing load. These changes probably reflect task difficulty-related(More)
To examine how neurophysiological signals of working memory (WM) change with normal aging, we recorded EEGs from healthy groups (n=10 each) of young (mean age=21 years), middle-aged (mean=47 years), and older (mean=69 years) adults. EEGs were recorded while subjects performed easy and difficult versions of a spatial WM task. Groups were matched for IQ(More)
Working memory (WM), the ability to briefly retain and manipulate information in mind, is central to intelligent behavior. Here we take advantage of the high temporal resolution of electrophysiological measures to obtain a millisecond timescale view of the activity induced in distributed cortical networks by tasks that impose significant WM demands. We(More)
In order to examine neurophysiological changes associated with the development of cognitive and visuomotor strategies and skills, spectral features of the EEG were measured as participants learned to perform new tasks. In one experiment eight individuals practiced working memory tasks that required development of either spatial or verbal rehearsal and(More)
This paper describes a method for increasing the spatial detail of the EEG and for integrating physiological data with anatomical models based on magnetic resonance images (MRIs). This method includes techniques to efficiently record EEG data from up to 124 channels, to measure 3-D electrode positions for alignment with MRI-derived head models, and to(More)
Electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings were made while 16 participants performed versions of a personal-computer-based flight simulation task of low, moderate, or high difficulty. As task difficulty increased, frontal midline theta EEG activity increased and alpha band activity decreased. A participant-specific function that combined multiple EEG features(More)
Working memory (WM), the ability to momentarily maintain information in an active state, is central to higher cognitive functions. The processes involved in WM operate on a sub-second timescale, and thus evoked potential measures have an appropriate temporal resolution for studying them. In the experiment reported here, evoked potential covariances (EPC)(More)
OBJECTIVE Task-related EEG is sensitive to changes in cognitive state produced by increased task difficulty and by transient impairment. If task-related EEG has high test-retest reliability, it could be used as part of a clinical test to assess changes in cognitive function. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability of the EEG recorded during(More)