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8 The likely health and environmental implications associated with atmospheric 9 nanoparticles have prompted considerable recent research activity. Knowledge of the 10 characteristics of these particles has improved considerably due to an ever growing interest in 11 the scientific community, though not yet sufficient to enable regulatory decision making on(More)
Freshly emitted nanoparticles were found in the car cabin High frequency measurements are needed for better PNC estimation Dilution was found to be the dominant process in car cabin PNC levels in car cabin increased significantly in traffic congestion zones Exposure doses to temporal PNC peaks were up to 380% more than average dose rate. Abstract 8 The aim(More)
13 Recent Euro–5 and Euro–6 vehicle emission standards are the first ever initiative to 14 control particles on a number basis at the source. Related standards are also desirable 15 for ambient nanoparticles (taken in this article to be those below 300 nm) to protect 16 against possible adverse impacts on public health and the environment. However, 17 there(More)
Understanding the transformation of nanoparticles emitted from vehicles is essential for developing appropriate methods for treating fine scale particle dynamics in dispersion models. This article provides an overview of significant research work relevant to modelling the dispersion of pollutants, especially nanoparticles, in the wake of vehicles.(More)
13 The transport sector is the dominant source of nanoparticles in the urban atmosphere. 14 It is also responsible for about 20–25% of current global CO 2 emissions, a figure that 15 is expected to grow to about 30–50% by 2050 (Fuglestvedt et al., 2008). One option 16 to counter this trend and contribute to the attainment of carbon emission reduction 17(More)
Currently, there are no air quality regulations in force in any part of the world to control number concentrations of airborne atmospheric nano-particles (ANPs). This is partly due to a lack of reliable information on measurement methods, dispersion characteristics, modelling, health and other environmental impacts. Because of the special characteristics of(More)
In this experimental work both qualitative (flow visualisation) and quantitative (laser Doppler anemometry) methods were applied in a wind tunnel in order to describe the complex 3-dimensional flow field in a real environment (a street canyon intersection). The main aim was an examination of the mean flow, turbulence and flow pathlines characterising a(More)
OBJECTIVES About 7000 tonnes of unleaded petrol were discharged into the English Channel after a tanker collision off Ostend on Saturday 18 January 1997. The petrol evaporated and the vapour plume was carried across the central part of England to Wales, resulting in reports of unidentified odours, and irritation of the eyes, skin, and upper respiratory(More)