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Fumonisin B1(FB1) is a fungal metabolite of Fusarium verticillioides (= F. moniliforme), a fungus that grows on many crops worldwide. Previous studies demonstrated that male BD IX rats consuming diets containing 50 ppm fumonisin B1 developed hepatocellular carcinomas. In our recent studies, diets containing FB1 at 50 ppm or higher concentrations induced(More)
Fumonisin B1 (FB1) is a mycotoxin isolated from Fusarium fungi that contaminate crops worldwide. A previous study demonstrated that FB1 promoted preneoplastic foci in initiated rats and induced hepatocellular carcinomas in BD IX rats at 50 parts per million (ppm), but fundamental dose-response data were not available to assist in setting regulatory(More)
The intentional adulteration of pet food with melamine and derivatives, including cyanuric acid, has been implicated in the kidney failure and death of a large number of cats and dogs in the United States. Although individually these compounds present low toxicity, coexposure can lead to the formation of melamine cyanurate crystals in the nephrons and(More)
We allocated 110 DBA/2NNia mice of either sex to one of two feeding regimens: ad libitum (AL) or food restriction (FR) to 60% of the amount consumed by the AL group. The mice were examined at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months (at 3 months, only AL mice were examined). During the remaining periods approximately equal numbers (n = 10) of mice of both sexes and(More)
Ovaries from National Toxicology Program Reproductive Assessment by Continuous Breeding (RACB) bioassays were used to directly compare differential ovarian follicle counts and reproductive performance for 15 chemicals. Ovaries of 10 animals per group from 16 studies in CD-1 mice and 1 study each in C3H and C57BL/6 mice were sectioned serially at 6 microm.(More)
Moderate dietary or caloric restriction (DR) modulates animal physiology in a beneficial fashion. Previously, we have reported an equitoxic dose experiment where liver injury in DR male Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to a low dose of thioacetamide (TA, 50 mg/kg) was similar to that observed in ad libitum fed (AL) rats exposed to a 12-fold higher dose (600(More)
Previous studies have shown that renal injury initiated by a lethal dose of S-1,2-dichlorovinyl-l-cysteine (DCVC) progresses due to inhibition of cell division and hence renal repair, leading to acute renal failure (ARF) and death in mice. Renal injury initiated by low to moderate doses of DCVC is repaired by timely and adequate stimulation of renal cell(More)
A study was undertaken to determine whether alterations in the gene expression or overt histological signs of neurotoxicity in selected regions of the forebrain might occur from acrylamide exposure via drinking water. Gene expression at the mRNA level was evaluated by cDNA array and/or RT-PCR analysis in the striatum, substantia nigra and parietal cortex of(More)
We have investigated the effects of chlordecone 1(CD)+CCl4 combination in adult (3 months), middle aged (14 months), and old aged (24 months) male Fischer 344 (F344) rats. After a non-toxic dietary regimen of CD (10 ppm) or normal powdered diet for 15 days, rats received a single non-toxic dose of CCl4 (100 microl/kg, i.p., 1:4 in corn oil) or corn oil (500(More)
Type 2 diabetic (DB) mice exposed to CCl(4) (LD(50) = 1.25 ml/kg), acetaminophen (LD(80) = 600 mg/kg; APAP), and bromobenzene (LD(80) = 0.5 ml/kg) i.p. yielded 30, 20, and 20% mortality, respectively, indicating hepatotoxic resistance. Male Swiss-Webster mice were made diabetic by feeding high fat and administrating streptozotocin (120 mg/kg i.p.) on day(More)