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Nested clade phylogeographical analysis (NCPA) has become a common tool in intraspecific phylogeography. To evaluate the validity of its inferences, NCPA was applied to actual data sets with 150 strong a priori expectations, the majority of which had not been analysed previously by NCPA. NCPA did well overall, but it sometimes failed to detect an expected(More)
Accurately determining the distribution of rare variants is an important goal of human genetics, but resequencing of a sample large enough for this purpose has been unfeasible until now. Here, we applied Sanger sequencing of genomic PCR amplicons to resequence the diabetes-associated genes KCNJ11 and HHEX in 13,715 people (10,422 European Americans and(More)
Nei and Tajima (1985) recently have criticized my algorithms (Templeton 1983a, 19833) that make phylogenetic inference from restriction-site maps. The purpose of this letter is to address their criticisms and to examine the reasons for our difference of opinion concerning the range of validity of my algorithms. These points will also be illustrated by a(More)
Sibley and Ahlquist compared the single-copy nuclear DNA sequences of the hominoid primates using DNA-DNA hybridization. From this data set they estimated a phylogeny that clusters man and chimpanzees using a distance Wagner procedure. However, no assessment of statistical confidence in this estimated phylogeny was made, despite the fact that their data set(More)
BACKGROUND The common vampire bat Desmodus rotundus is an excellent model organism for studying ecological vicariance in the Neotropics due to its broad geographic range and its preference for forested areas as roosting sites. With the objective of testing for Pleistocene ecological vicariance, we sequenced a mitocondrial DNA (mtDNA) marker and two nuclear(More)
SUMMARY We present the software implementation of the tree scanning method to detect associations between genetic haplotypes and quantitative traits, utilizing the evolutionary history of the haplotypes, in samples of unrelated individuals. AVAILABILITY The program is available free of charge, under the GNU General Public License. A package including C(More)
MOTIVATION Inference of haplotypes from genotype data is crucial and challenging for many vitally important studies. The first, and most critical step, is the ascertainment of a biologically sound model to be optimized. Many models that have been proposed rely partially or entirely on reducing the number of unique haplotypes in the solution. RESULTS This(More)
Allelic richness (number of alleles) is a measure of genetic diversity indicative of a population's long-term potential for adaptability and persistence. It is used less commonly than heterozygosity as a genetic diversity measure, partially because it is more mathematically difficult to take into account the stochastic process of genetic drift for allelic(More)