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OBJECTIVES Sepsis is characterized by systemic activation of inflammation and coagulation in response to infection. In sepsis, activated neutrophils extrude neutrophil extracellular traps composed of cell-free DNA (CFDNA) that not only trap pathogens but also provide a stimulus for clot formation. Although the effect of CFDNA on coagulation has been(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated the existence of a Ca(2+)-dependent heparin-binding site on factor Xa. To characterize this heparin-binding site, the extrinsic fluorescence of fluorescein-labeled, active site-blocked factor Xa was monitored as it was titrated with glycosaminoglycans of various sulfate content and chain length. The binding of(More)
Although fibrin-bound thrombin is resistant to inactivation by heparin.antithrombin and heparin.heparin cofactor II complexes, indirect studies in plasma systems suggest that the dermatan sulfate.heparin cofactor II complex can inhibit fibrin-bound thrombin. Herein we demonstrate that fibrin monomer produces a 240-fold decrease in the heparin-catalyzed rate(More)
Although hirudin is better than heparin at preventing recurrent ischemia in patients with unstable angina, hirudin produces more bleeding. The purpose of this study was to use a rabbit arterial thrombosis prevention and ear bleeding model to determine whether for equivalent efficacy, melagatran, a synthetic direct thrombin inhibitor, is safer than hirudin.(More)
Growth of CHRC5 multidrug resistant cells in media enriched in a saturated C-17 fatty acid, heptadecanoic acid, resulted in these cells accumulating vinblastine at a rate and to an extent comparable to that of the parental cell line AB1. The fatty acid-enriched growth media had no effect on the ability of AB1 cells to take up vinblastine. The action of(More)
Thrombin exosite 1 binds the predominant gamma(A)/gamma(A)-fibrin form with low affinity. A subpopulation of fibrin molecules, gamma(A)/gamma'-fibrin, has an extended COOH terminus gamma'-chain that binds exosite 2 of thrombin. Bivalent binding to gamma(A)/gamma'-fibrin increases the affinity of thrombin 10-fold, as determined by surface plasmon resonance.(More)
Although exosites 1 and 2 regulate thrombin activity by binding substrates and cofactors and by allosterically modulating the active site, it is unclear whether there is direct allosteric linkage between the two exosites. To begin to address this, we first titrated a thrombin variant fluorescently labeled at exosite 1 with exosite 2 ligands, HD22 (a DNA(More)
Histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) is an abundant protein that binds fibrinogen and other plasma proteins in a Zn(2+)-dependent fashion but whose function is unclear. HRG has antimicrobial activity, and its incorporation into fibrin clots facilitates bacterial entrapment and killing and promotes inflammation. Although these findings suggest that HRG(More)
We have investigated (123)I and (125)I DNA aptamer analogs of anticoagulant DNA aptamers to thrombin exosite 1 and exosite 2 for thrombus imaging potential. Two severe problems are rapid clearance from circulating blood and blood nuclease. With aptamers (unlike antisense) the nucleotide analogs used in polymerase chain reaction-selection cycles also must be(More)
The appearance of anionic lipids on the extracellular surface of cells is required for the formation of the procoagulant complex that leads to the activation of prothrombin. Procoagulant activity would be expected to be inhibited by substances that stabilize the membrane structure and hence inhibit the transbilayer diffusion of phosphatidylserine from the(More)