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There is presently renewed interest in diurnal variations of stratospheric and mesospheric ozone for the purpose of supporting homogenization of records of various ozone measurements that are limited by the technique employed to being made at certain times of day. We have made such measurements for 19 years using a passive microwave remote sensing technique(More)
Whole cell GABA(A)R currents of septal neurons isolated from rat pups increase rapidly during the first weeks of life when inhibitory synapses are forming. Early postnatal binge ethanol intubation on days 4-9 delays this maturational up-regulation in septal neurons isolated several days later suggesting inhibitory synapse formation could be disrupted [S.-H.(More)
Fetal alcohol syndrome includes brain damage from aberrant synaptogenesis, altered cell-cell signaling and blunted plasticity in surviving neurons. Distortion of neurotrophic GABA signals by ethanol-mediated allosteric modulation of GABA(A) receptor (GABA(A)R) activity during brain maturation may play a role. In this regard, early postnatal binge-like(More)
Binge-like ethanol treatment of septal neurons blunts GABAAR-mediated miniature postsynaptic currents (mPSCs), suggesting it arrests synaptic development. Ethanol may disrupt postsynaptic maturation by blunting feedback signaling through immature GABAARs. Here, the impact of ethanol on the sensitivity of mPSCs to zolpidem, zinc and(More)
The medial septum and nucleus of the diagonal band (MS/nDB) contain cholinergic and GABAergic neuronal populations that have been identified based on immunohistochemical staining and/or electrophysiological properties. We explored the molecular diversity of MS/nDB neurons using single-cell reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (scRT-PCR) to assess(More)
This paper presents extensive validation analyses of ozone observations from the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE) satellite instruments: the ACE Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS) and the Measurement of Aerosol Extinction in the Stratosphere and Troposphere Retrieved by Occultation (ACE-MAESTRO) instrument. 5 The ACE satellite instruments(More)
BACKGROUND The aging kidney is marked by a chronic inflammation, which may exacerbate the progression of renal dysfunction, as well as increase the susceptibility to acute injury. The identification of strategies to alleviate inflammation may have translational impact to attenuate kidney disease. METHODS We tested the potential of ashwaganda, sutherlandia(More)
Arsenic is a known human carcinogen. These studies were designed to examine the impact of low arsenite concentrations on immediate early gene expression in precision-cut rat lung slices. Precision-cut lung slices are a versatile in-vitro system for toxicity studies, as they preserve the architecture and cellular heterogeneity of the lung. Since 0.1-100(More)
  • E J Brinksma, A Bracher, D E Lolkema, A J Segers, I S Boyd, K Bramstedt +14 others
  • 2005
We discuss the quality of the two available SCIAMACHY limb ozone profile products. They were retrieved with the University of Bremen IFE's algorithm version 1.61 (hereafter IFE), and the official ESA offline algorithm (hereafter OL) versions 2.4 and 2.5. The ozone profiles were compared to a suite of correlative measurements from ground-5 based lidar and(More)
Three decades have passed since a series of studies indicated that the aging kidney was characterized by increased susceptibility to nephrotoxic injury. Data from these experimental models is strengthened by clinical data demonstrating that the aging population has an increased incidence and severity of acute kidney injury (AKI). Since then a number of(More)