Alan R. Parrish

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The past decade has seen an intense focus on mechanisms of apoptosis. Many important observations on the various signaling pathways mediating apoptotic cell death have been made and our understanding of the importance of apoptosis in both normal growth and development and pathophysiology has greatly increased. In addition, mechanisms of metal-induced(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a large family of proteinases that remodel extracellular matrix (ECM) components and cleave a number of cell surface proteins. MMP activity is regulated via a number of mechanisms, including inhibition by tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Originally thought to cleave only ECM proteins, MMP substrates are(More)
Although the kidney represents a target for the accumulation and toxicity of arsenic, little is known about the molecular targets of arsenic in this organ. Therefore, these studies were designed to examine the molecular impact of arsenite [As(III)] and arsenate [As(V)] at low (nanomolar) concentrations. Precision-cut rabbit renal cortical slices were(More)
Aging is associated with a loss of renal reserve, and increased sensitivity to either xenobiotic or physiologic insult. Given the critical role of the cadherin/catenin complex in establishing and maintaining the integrity and polarity of tubular epithelial cells, it was hypothesized that aging was associated with alterations in renal cadherin/catenin(More)
Cell adhesion molecules are cell surface proteins that play critical roles in cell recognition and cell adhesion. These adhesion molecules, which include the cadherins, integrins, occludins, and a variety of immunoglobulin-like molecules, are essential for a wide variety of physiologic processes such as epithelial barrier function, tissue development,(More)
Aging is associated with an increased incidence and severity of acute renal failure. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the increased susceptibility to injury remains undefined. These experiments were designed to investigate the influence of age on the response of the kidney to ischemic injury and to identify candidate genes that may mediate this(More)
Almost a decade has passed since the first paper describing the isolation and maintenance of precision-cut liver slices produced using a mechanical tissue slicer was published (1). Although tissue slices of various organs have been employed as an in vitro system for several decades, the lack of reproducibility within the slices and the relatively limited(More)
Arsenic is a known human carcinogen. These studies were designed to examine the impact of low arsenite concentrations on immediate early gene expression in precision-cut rat lung slices. Precision-cut lung slices are a versatile in-vitro system for toxicity studies, as they preserve the architecture and cellular heterogeneity of the lung. Since 0.1-100(More)
The cadherin/catenin complex is an essential regulator of intercellular adhesion and is critical for the establishment of epithelial cell polarity. The purpose of this study was to (1) determine the spatial pattern of cadherin and catenin expression, colocalization, and interaction along the mouse nephron, and (2) investigate the expression, localization,(More)
Reductions in vascular density occur following acute ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury that may predispose the development of chronic kidney disease. The mechanisms mediating vascular loss are not clear but may relate to the lack of effective vascular repair responses. To determine the regulation of the VEGF/VEGFR pathway following I/R injury, male(More)