Learn More
Despite numerous studies stretching over the last 100 years there is still no general agreement on the number of auditory areas in the human cortex or even how to define them by histological methods. Full definition of these areas will require a combination of functional and histological methods but, by using six complementary histological methods, of which(More)
Sensitivity to changes in the interaural time difference (ITD) of 50 msec tones was measured in single units in the inferior colliculus of urethane-anesthetized guinea pigs. ITD functions were measured with 100 repeats and fine spacing (100 points per cycle). The just noticeable difference (jnd) for ITD was determined using receiver operating characteristic(More)
OBJECTIVE We explored the relationship between audiogram shape and tinnitus pitch to answer questions arising from neurophysiological models of tinnitus: 'Is the dominant tinnitus pitch associated with the edge of hearing loss?' and 'Is such a relationship more robust in people with narrow tinnitus bandwidth or steep sloping hearing loss?' DESIGN A(More)
The ability to detect unexpected sounds within the environment is an important function of the auditory system, as a rapid response may be required for the organism to survive. Previous studies found a decreased response to repetitive stimuli (standard), but an increased response to rare or less frequent sounds (deviant) in individual neurons in the(More)
Tinnitus is an auditory phenomenon characterised by the perception of a sound in the absence of an external auditory stimulus. Chronic subjective tinnitus is almost certainly maintained via central mechanisms, and this is consistent with observed measures of altered spontaneous brain activity. A number of putative central auditory mechanisms for tinnitus(More)
A listener's sensitivity to the interaural correlation (IAC) of sound plays an important role in several phenomena in binaural hearing. Although IAC has been examined humans, little is known about the neural basis of sensitivity to IAC in humans. The present study employed functional magnetic resonance imaging to measure blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD)(More)
In the auditory system, some ascending pathways preserve the precise timing information present in a temporal code of frequency. This can be measured by studying responses that are phase-locked to the stimulus waveform. At each stage along a pathway, there is a reduction in the upper frequency limit of the phase-locking and an increase in the steady-state(More)
In humans, neuroimaging studies have identified the planum temporale to be particularly responsive to both spatial and nonspatial attributes of sound. However, a functional segregation of the planum temporale along these acoustic dimensions has not been firmly established. We evaluated this scheme in a factorial design using modulated sounds that generated(More)
The function of the profuse descending innervation from the auditory cortex is largely unknown; however, recent studies have demonstrated that focal stimulation of auditory cortex effects frequency tuning curves, duration tuning, and other auditory parameters in the inferior colliculus. Here we demonstrate that, in an anesthetized guinea pig, nonfocal(More)