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Our view of how water quality effects ecosystems of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is largely framed by observed or expected responses of large benthic organisms (corals, algae, seagrasses) to enhanced levels of dissolved nutrients, sediments and other pollutants in reef waters. In the case of nutrients, however, benthic organisms and communities are largely(More)
BACKGROUND Extramedullary disease is an uncommon manifestation in multiple myeloma and can either accompany newly diagnosed disease or develop with disease progression or relapse. We evaluated the impact of this disease feature on patients' outcome in the context of novel agents. DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed clinical and biological features of(More)
The IASLC Staging and Prognostic Factors Committee has collected a new database of 94,708 cases donated from 35 sources in 16 countries around the globe. This has now been analysed by our statistical partners at Cancer Research And Biostatistics and, in close collaboration with the members of the committee proposals have been developed for the T, N, and M(More)
BACKGROUND Merkel-cell carcinoma is an aggressive skin cancer that is linked to exposure to ultraviolet light and the Merkel-cell polyomavirus (MCPyV). Advanced Merkel-cell carcinoma often responds to chemotherapy, but responses are transient. Blocking the programmed death 1 (PD-1) immune inhibitory pathway is of interest, because these tumors often express(More)
Prognostic implications of 3 imaging tools, metastatic bone survey, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography (PET), were evaluated in 2 consecutive Total Therapy 3 trials for newly diagnosed myeloma. Data including PET at baseline and on day 7 of induction as well as standard prognostic factors were available in 302 patients of whom 277(More)
BACKGROUND Analysis of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer database revealed that for patients with completely resected, node-negative, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), increasing tumor size was associated with worsening survival. This analysis was performed to determine the effect of size on prognosis in patients in the same(More)
Does the dogma that multiple myeloma is incurable still hold?. The genomic chaos and resulting resistance to apoptosis of myeloma, long considered an obstacle to cure, formed the basis of Total Therapy (TT) program. The TT approach uses all myeloma-active drugs upfront to target drug-resistant subclones during initial treatment to prevent later relapse.(More)
Multiple myeloma causes major morbidity resulting from osteolytic lesions that can be detected by metastatic bone surveys. Magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography can detect bone marrow focal lesions long before development of osteolytic lesions. Using data from patients enrolled in Total Therapy 3 for newly diagnosed myeloma (n=303), we(More)
Purpose: Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography with CT attenuation correction (18F-FDG PET/CT) is useful in the detection and enumeration of focal lesions and in semiquantitative characterization of metabolic activity (glycolytic phenotype) by calculation of glucose uptake. Total lesion glycolysis (TLG) and metabolic tumor volume (MTV)(More)
Clostridium difficile generally causes diarrhoea and colitis. Small-bowel infections are considered to be rare. Twelve cases of ileal C. difficile infections are presented, including the first reported case proven to be caused by the hypervirulent BI/NAP1/027 strain. This case series suggests that small bowel involvement in C. difficile infections may be(More)