Alan R. Cohen

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Primary damage caused by injury to the CNS is often followed by delayed degeneration of initially spared neurons. Studies in our laboratory have shown that active or passive immunization with CNS myelin-associated self-antigens can reduce this secondary loss. Here we show, using four experimental paradigms in rodents, that CNS trauma spontaneously evokes a(More)
Spinal cord injury results in a massive loss of neurons, and thus of function. We recently reported that passive transfer of autoimmune T cells directed against myelin-associated antigens provides acutely damaged spinal cords with effective neuroprotection. The therapeutic time window for the passive transfer of T cells was found to be at least 1 week. Here(More)
We recently reported that the posttraumatic spread of degeneration in the damaged optic nerve can be attenuated by the adoptive transfer of autoimmune T cells specific to myelin basic protein. However, it would be desirable to obtain immune neuroprotection free of any possible autoimmune disease. In an attempt to obtain disease-free immune neuroprotection,(More)
Deferasirox (ICL670) is a once-daily oral iron chelator developed for the treatment of chronic iron overload from blood transfusions. A comparative phase 3 trial was conducted to demonstrate the efficacy of deferasirox in regularly transfused patients with beta-thalassemia aged 2 years or older. Patients were randomized and received treatment with(More)
Dyskeratosis congenita is a rare inherited disorder characterized by abnormal skin manifestations. Morbidity and mortality from this disease is usually due to bone marrow failure, but idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and an increased cancer predisposition also occur. Families with autosomal dominant dyskeratosis congenita display anticipation and have(More)
The authors review their experience with the operative management of 19 consecutive cases of malignant astrocytoma of the spinal cord. There was a male to female ratio of 1.1:1, and the median age of the population was 14 years (range 1 to 32 years). The median duration of symptoms prior to definitive diagnosis was 7 weeks. Radical excision was carried out(More)
We reviewed the records of 100 consecutive patients with histologically verified pituitary adenomas who underwent transsphenoidal decompression of the optic nerves and chiasm. The patients' ages ranged from 18 to 80 years, with a median of 52 years. Preoperatively, all patients had objective signs of visual acuity or field defects. Postoperatively, visual(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of patients with homozygous beta-thalassemia (thalassemia major) has been improved by transfusion and iron-chelation therapy. We analyzed outcome and prognostic factors among patients receiving transfusions and chelation therapy who had reached the age at which iron-induced cardiac disease, the most common cause of death, usually(More)
PURPOSE To assess movement of the medulla, tonsils, and upper cervical cord as well as that of the posterior fossa cerebrospinal fluid pathways in both normal subjects and those with Chiari I malformations. METHODS Nine healthy volunteers and eight patients with Chiari I malformations were examined with phase-contrast cine MR. With a region-of-interest(More)
In previous trials, the orally active iron chelator deferiprone (L1) has been associated with sporadic agranulocytosis, milder forms of neutropenia and other side-effects. To determine the incidence of these events, we performed a multicentre prospective study of the chelator. Blood counts were performed weekly, and confirmed neutropenia mandated(More)