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A total of eight human epithelial cell lines derived from the carcinoma of the cervix were examined for the presence of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) types 16 and 18 DNA sequences. Six out of eight cell lines contain sequences hybridizing to the DNA of these viruses. Two of the cell lines contain sequences hybridizing specifically to HPV 16. One of these(More)
Previously, a Bcl-2-interacting protein, BAG-1, was cloned from mouse cells and was shown to interact with several other proteins and to be important for inhibition of apoptosis. Human BAG-1 (hBAG-1) cDNA, recently isolated by us and two other groups, has been shown to be identical to a hormone receptor-binding protein, RAP46. However, different molecular(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of the major tea polyphenol, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in cervical carcinogenesis. METHODS Cell growth rate was examined after treatment for 4, 7, and 10 days with 0-100 microM EGCG in primary human endocervical cells (HEN), human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV 18)-immortalized endocervical cell (HEN-18),(More)
To study the mechanism of action of BAG-1 in drug-induced apoptosis, we constructed an antisense BAG-1 vector and established a stably transfected cell line from BAG-1-over-expressing HeLa cells. Reduced BAG-1 protein was confirmed by Western blot. Treatment of the antisense BAG-1-transfected cells with the anti-cancer drugs staurosporine, paclitaxel,(More)
Human BAG-1 is an anti-apoptotic protein with four protein isoforms (BAG-1 p50, p46, p33, and p29). BAG-1 p46 was originally isolated in a screen for proteins binding to the glucocorticoid receptor; it binds and modulates the action of several members of the nuclear steroid hormone receptor superfamily. The vitamin D receptor (VDR) is another member of this(More)
We have previously reported that the promoter of the thymidine kinase (TK) gene of herpes virus (HSV) can be replaced with the early promoter of SV40. In the present study we report the construction of a TK- plasmid (TK-pML-BglII) in which the TK promoter has been removed and a new BglII site has been regenerated for the insertion of exogenous promoters in(More)
BAG-1 is an antiapoptotic protein that binds to and enhances the antiapoptotic activity of Bcl-2. It binds several growth factor and hormone receptors and modulates their function. BAG-1 was also shown recently to be expressed as four protein isoforms, p50, p46, p33, and p29, through alternative translation initiation. Although many apoptosis-associated(More)
In addition to the established role of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) in cervical cancer, smoking has been suggested to be an important cofactor. Previously, primary human ectocervical cells immortalized by HPV types 16 and 18 DNA did not form tumors on nude mice. Here, we derived a new line of HPV 18-immortalized ectocervical cells (HEC-18-1), which was(More)
Carcinogenesis originating from cervical cells has been recognized as a multistage process in which human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cofactors, such as cigarette smoke, are frequently involved in the development of malignant cancer. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this process remains poorly understood. To identify the cellular genes(More)
BAG-1 is an anti-apoptotic protein that interacts with Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, Hsp70/Hsc70, Raf-1 and numerous hormone or growth factor receptors. Recently, BAG-1 has been found to be overexpressed in a variety of human cancer cell lines and some tumors. However, the molecular mechanism of BAG-1 upregulation is still unclear. In this study, we cloned 0.9 kb of human(More)